Unpaid work can include domestic work, care work, subsistence work, unpaid market labor and voluntary work. There is no clear consensus on the definition of these categories. But broadly speaking, these kinds of work can be seen as contributing to the reproduction of society.
Domestic work is maintenance of the home, and is usually universally recognizable, e.g. doing the laundry. Care work is looking "after a relative or friend who needs support because of age, physical or learning disability, or illness, including mental illness;" this also includes raising children. Care work also involves "close personal or emotional interaction." Also included in this category is "self-care," in which leisure time and activities are included. Subsistence work is work done in order to meet basic needs, such as collecting water, but does not have market values assigned to it. Although some of these efforts "are categorized as productive activities according to the latest revision of the international System of National Accounts (SNA) ... are poorly measured by most surveys." Unpaid market work is "the direct contributions of unpaid family members to market work that officially belongs to another member of the household." Voluntary work is usually work done for non-household members, but in return for little to no remuneration.
Other articles related to "unpaid work, work":
... At the heart of the community sentence is compulsory unpaid work, which is tough, demanding and designed to ensure offenders pay back to the community ... Over one million hours of unpaid work have been undertaken by offenders under London Probation supervision for the benefit of London communities ... The Community Payback scheme gives local people a say in what unpaid work takes place in their area and how it will benefit the community ...
... Joskow had a strong feeling that the important work in oligopoly was done through informal observations while formal models were "trotted out ex post" ... He argued that formal models were largely not important in the empirical work, either, and that the fundamental factor behind the theory of the firm, behavior, was ... of utility comparisons the exclusion of unpaid work and the exclusion of class and gender considerations ...
Famous quotes related to unpaid work:
“Unpaid work never commands respect ...”
—Harriot Stanton Blatch (18561940)