Unions were legalized in 1946, after MacArthur declared the new law for unions in December 1945. However, unions had little effect on the conditions of women. Unions stayed in the male domain. Throughout most of the century, few women were allowed to hold office, even in unions with primarily female membership, and until at least the 1980s unions often signed contracts that required women workers (but not men) to retire early.
In 1986, the Women's Bureau of the Ministry of Labor enacted an Equal Employment Opportunity Law, the first "gender equality law formulated mainly by Japanese women."
Read more about this topic: Feminism In Japan
Other articles related to "labor":
... Dual labor market theory states that migration is mainly caused by pull factors in more developed countries ... This theory assumes that the labor markets in these developed countries consist of two segments primary, which requires high-skilled labor, and secondary, which is very labor-intensive but requires low-skilled ... developed countries into more developed countries is a result of a pull created by a need for labor in the developed countries in their secondary market ...
... which means "reform through labor," is a slogan of the Chinese criminal justice system and has been used to refer to the use of prison labor and prison farms in the People's Republic of China (PRC ... Laogai is distinguished from laojiao, or re-education through labor, which is an administrative detention for a person who is not a criminal but has ... Both systems, however, involve penal labor ...
... This is the newest theory of migration and states that the main reason for labor migration is wage difference between two geographic locations ... These wage differences are usually linked to geographic labor demand and supply ... It can be said that areas with a shortage of labor but an excess of capital have a high relative wage while areas with a high labor supply and a dearth of ...
... In 1941 he became Premier when he led Labor to a convincing victory in the state elections, mainly by concentrating on country seats ... During World War II he became a close collaborator of Labor Prime Ministers John Curtin and Ben Chifley, being a particularly close friend of the latter ... election victory, the first time a New South Wales Labor government had been re-elected ...
... Unlike most Labor men, he was a strong supporter of Federation ... Hughes was elected to the first federal Parliament as Labor MP for West Sydney ... He was Minister for External Affairs in Chris Watson's first Labor government ...
Famous quotes containing the word labor:
“I count him a great man who inhabits a higher sphere of thought, into which other men rise with labor and difficulty; he has but to open his eyes to see things in a true light, and in large relations; whilst they must make painful corrections, and keep a vigilant eye on many sources of error.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labor and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.”
—Bible: Hebrew Psalms, 90:10.
The Book of Common Prayer (1662)
“Learning without thought is labor lost.”
—Confucius (551479 B.C.)