Some articles on farangi:

Firangi Mahal - Change in India
... The members of Farangi Mahal exercised great influence over the development of Muslim religious thought in India between the 17th century and 20th ... "The learned and holy men of Farangi Mahall were the consolidators in the subcontinent of the rationalist traditions of Islamic scholarship derived from Iran ... These traditions represented a confident and flexible Islamic understanding which, the Farangi Mahallis felt, had the capacity to preserve Islam even ...