Etymology Of Jämtland
The etymology of Jämtland entails the origin, history, and use of the name Jämtland which dates back to 11th century Scandinavia. The name is first found on the northernmost runestone in Europe, the Frösö Runestone, as eotalont (in normalized Old Norse: Jamtaland). The prefix Jamta is a genitive plural case of Jamts, a Germanic tribe. The root of Jamt (Old West Norse: jamti), and thus Jämtland, derives from the Proto-Germanic word stem emat- meaning persistent, efficient, enduring and hardworking. So Jämtland basically mean "Jamts' land" or "land of hardworking people".
A folk explanation is that the name ought to have something to do with the even parts around the lake Storsjön. This theory is based on the similarity between the Swedish words jämt (from emat-) and jämnt (from Germanic *ebna, "even")
The form Jämtland is Swedish, which previously (pre 20th century) was spelled Jemtland, as it still is in e.g. Danish whilst the local name of the province is Jamtland . There have been several Latinized forms of the name, such as Jemtia, Iempihia and Iemthalandia.
Other related articles:
... early 20th century the province's spelling changed into Jämtland ... both use an older spelling, given that the time they were settled by Jamtish emigrants the form Jämtland hadn't reached official status ... When Jämtland was occupied by Sweden in the 16th and 17th century many Jamts fled from their province and founded villages like Jamtøya, Jamtgarden and Jamtåsen in Trøndelag, Norway ...
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