|1||釋詁||Shigu||Explaining the Old||verbs, adjectives, adverbs, grammatical particles|
|2||釋言||Shiyan||Explaining Words||verbs, adjectives, adverbs|
|3||釋訓||Shixun||Explaining Instructions||adjectives, adverbs, mostly with reduplication|
|4||釋親||Shiqin||Explaining Relatives||kinship, marriage|
|5||釋宮||Shigong||Explaining Dwellings||architecture, engineering|
|6||釋器||Shiqi||Explaining Utensils||tools, weapons, clothing, and their uses|
|7||釋樂||Shiyue||Explaining Music||music, musical instruments, dancing|
|8||釋天||Shitian||Explaining Heaven||astronomy, astrology, meteorology, calendar|
|9||釋地||Shidi||Explaining Earth||geography, geology, some regional lore|
|10||釋丘||Shiqiu||Explaining Hills||topography, Fengshui terms|
|11||釋山||Shishan||Explaining Mountains||mountains, famous mountains|
|12||釋水||Shishui||Explaining Rivers||rivers, navigation, irrigation, boating|
|13||釋草||Shicao||Explaining Plants||grasses, herbs, grains, vegetables|
|14||釋木||Shimu||Explaining Trees||trees, shrubs, some botanical terms|
|15||釋蟲||Shichong||Explaining Insects||insects, spiders, reptiles, etc.|
|16||釋魚||Shiyu||Explaining Fishes||fish, amphibians, crustaceans, reptiles, etc.|
|17||釋鳥||Shiniao||Explaining Birds||wildfowl, ornithology|
|18||釋獸||Shishou||Explaining Beasts||wild animals, legendary animals|
|19||釋畜||Shichu||Explaining Domestic Animals||livestock, pets, poultry, some zoological terms|
In the history of Chinese lexicography, nearly all dictionaries were internally organized with systems of character radicals, first introduced in the Shuowen Jiezi. However, a few notable exceptions followed the Erya's arrangement by semantic categories like Heaven and Earth. The Ming Dynasty scholar Lang Kuijin (郎奎金) categorized and published the Wuya (五雅 "Five yas"): Erya, Xiao Erya ("Little Erya"), Guangya ("Expanded Erya"), Piya ("Increased Erya"), and Yìyǎ ("Lost Erya" or the Shiming). Chinese leishu (Chinese: 類書; Wade–Giles: lei-shu; "reference works arranged by categories; encyclopedias"), such as the Yongle Encyclopedia, were also semantically arranged.
Owing to its laconic lexicographical style, the Erya is the only Chinese classic that has not been fully translated into English. However, there are several unpublished PhD dissertations translating particular chapters.
Read more about this topic: Erya
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Famous quotes containing the word contents:
“The permanence of all books is fixed by no effort friendly or hostile, but by their own specific gravity, or the intrinsic importance of their contents to the constant mind of man.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“How often we must remember the art of the surgeon, which, in replacing the broken bone, contents itself with releasing the parts from false position; they fly into place by the action of the muscles. On this art of nature all our arts rely.”
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“Such as boxed
Their feelings properly, complete to tags
A box for dark men and a box for Other
Would often find the contents had been scrambled.”
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