Emil Maurice (19 January 1897, Westermoor – 6 February 1972, Munich) was an early member of the Nazi Party and one of the founders of the SS. A watchmaker by trade, Maurice was a close associate of Adolf Hitler with a personal friendship dating back to at least 1919. With the founding of the Sturmabteilung in 1920, Maurice became the first Oberster SA-Führer (Supreme SA Leader).
In 1923, Maurice also became the SA commander of the newly established Stabswache, a special SA company given the task of guarding Hitler at Nazi parties and rallies. He was imprisoned with Hitler and Rudolf Hess at Landsberg after the failure of the Beer Hall Putsch. While in prison with Hitler, he took down part of the dictation for Mein Kampf and is mentioned in the book.
In 1925, two years after the failed Beer Hall Putsch, Maurice and Hitler refounded the Stabswache as the Schutzstaffel (SS). At that time, Hitler became SS member No. 1 and Emil Maurice became SS member No. 2. Maurice became an SS-Führer in the new organization, although the leadership of the SS was assumed by Julius Schreck, the first Reichsführer-SS. Maurice became Hitler's chauffeur. He reportedly had a brief relationship with Geli Raubal, Hitler's niece, and lost his job as Hitler's chauffeur.
When the SS was reorganized and expanded in 1932, Maurice became a senior SS officer and would eventually be promoted to the rank SS-Oberführer. While Maurice never became a top commander of the SS his status as SS member #2 effectively credited him as the actual founder of the organization. Heinrich Himmler, who ultimately would become the most recognized leader of the SS, held SS member #168.
After Himmler had become Reichsführer-SS, Maurice fell afoul of Himmler's racial purity rules for SS officers, when he had to submit details of his family history before he was allowed to marry in 1935. All SS officers had to prove racial purity back to 1750, and it turned out that Maurice had Jewish ancestry – Charles Maurice Schwartzenberger (1805–1896), the founder of Thalia Theater in Hamburg, was his great-grandfather. Himmler, who had always been jealous of Hitler's close friends from the early days of the Party, and especially of the lack of control he had over Hitler's inner bodyguards, was delighted.
He recommended that Maurice be expelled from the SS, along with other members of his family. To Himmler's annoyance however, the Führer stood by his old friend. In a secret letter written on 31 August 1935, Hitler compelled Himmler to make an exception for Maurice and his brothers, who were informally declared "Honorary Aryans" and allowed to stay in the SS. Despite his Jewish ancestry, and his relationship with Hitler's niece, Geli Raubal, Maurice was first and foremost a loyal companion to Hitler.
From 1940 to 1942, he served in the Luftwaffe as an officer. After the war in 1948, he was sentenced to four years in a labor camp.
1919 1999 United States Coleoptera Aro, Johan Emil !Johan Emil Aro 1928 ... Finland Ephemeroptera Arrow, Gilbert John !Gilbert John Arrow 1948 ... United Kingdom ... Diptera, Hymenoptera Brossard, Georges !Georges Brossard 1940 Canada Bruck, Emil Von !Emil von Brück 1884 ... Germany Coleoptera Brunetti, Enrico Adelelmo !Enrico ... Goedart, Jan !Jan Goedart 1668 ... Netherlands Goetghebuer, Maurice Emile Marie !Maurice Emile Marie Goetghebuer 1962 ... Belgium Diptera Gordon, Deborah M !Deborah M ...
... Christian Johann 535 Challis, James 536 Lenz, Heinrich Friedrich Emil 537 Siebold, Karl Theodor Ernst von 538 Schleiden, Matthias Jakob 539 Owen, Sir Richard 540 Weber, Wilhelm Eduard 541 Jacobi, Carl Gustav Jacob. 610 Kolbe, Adolph Wilhelm Hermann 611 du Bois-Reymond, Emil Heinrich 612 Pettenkofer, Max Joseph Von 613 Joule, James Prescott 614 Drake, Edwin Laurentine 615 Adams ... William Stewart 831 Moissan, Ferdinand Frederic Henri 832 Ramsay, Sir William 833 Fischer, Emil Hermann 834 Becquerel, Antoine Henri discoverer of radioactivity, for which he won the 1903 ...
... Rudolf Mössbauer Erwin Neher Ernst Otto Fischer Konrad Emil Bloch Robert Huber Ernst Ruska Johann Deisenhofer Wolfgang Paul Wolfgang Ketterle Thomas Mann Gerhard Ertl Johann Deisenhofer Ernst Otto Fischer Rudolf M ... Walther Hermann Nernst Klaus von Klitzing Hartmut Michel Harald zur Hausen Wilhelm Röntgen Emil Fischer Wilhelm Wien Hans Spemann Eduard Buchner Johannes Stark Max von Laue École Normale Supérieure 14 ... Kofi Annan Werner Arber Gunnar Myrdal Niels Jerne Maurice Allais Edmond H ...