Elephanta Caves

Coordinates: 18°57′30″N 72°55′50″E / 18.95833°N 72.93056°E / 18.95833; 72.93056 The Elephanta Caves (Marathi: घारापुरीची लेणी, Gharapurichya Lenee) are a network of sculpted caves located on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally "the city of caves") in Mumbai Harbour, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the east of the city of Mumbai in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The island, located on an arm of the Arabian Sea, consists of two groups of caves—the first is a large group of five Hindu caves, the second, a smaller group of two Buddhist caves. The Hindu caves contain rock cut stone sculptures, representing the Shaiva Hindu sect, dedicated to the god Shiva.

The rock cut architecture of the caves has been dated to between the 5th and 8th centuries, although the identity of the original builders is still a subject of debate. The caves are hewn from solid basalt rock. All the caves were also originally painted in the past, but now only traces remain.

The island was called Gharapuri and was a Hindu place of worship until Portuguese rule began in 1534. The Portuguese called the island Elephanta on seeing its huge gigantic statue of an Elephant at the entrance. The Statue is now placed in the garden outside the Bhau Daji Lad (erstwhile Victoria & Albert) Museum at the Jijamata Udyan (erstwhile Victoria Gardens) at Byculla in Mumbai. This cave was renovated in the 1970s after years of neglect, and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 to preserve the artwork. It is currently maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Read more about Elephanta Caves:  Geography, History, Overview, Main Cave, Other Notable Caves, Preservation

Other articles related to "elephanta caves, elephanta, caves":

Elephanta Caves - Preservation
... The threats to Elephanta Caves have been identified as the following developmental pressures (mainly due to its location within the Mumbai harbour), anthropogenic pressure due to ... Preservation of Elephanta Island as a whole with its monuments has been ensured both through legislation and by physical restoration of the caves and its sculptures ... Sites and Remains Act of 1958 and Rules (1959) The Elephanta Island (Protected Monument) Rules of 1957, which prohibits mining, quarrying, blasting ...
Gateway Of India - Significance
... and third jetties are the starting point for tours of Elephanta Caves, which is a 50-minute boat ride away by ferry ... decided to shift its venue for the 23 years old festival "Elephanta Festival of music and dance" to Gateway, replacing Elephanta Caves for convenient issues ... The Gateway could host about 2,000 to 2,500 people, whereas, Elephanta Caves can only host about 700 to 800 peoples ...

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