Installed electricity capacity in 2008 was 58 GW. Of the installed capacity, 75.3% is thermal, 19% hydro, 2.4% nuclear (Mexico has a single nuclear power plant, the 1,400 MW Laguna Verde nuclear reactor in Veracruz, which is operated by CFE (Comisión Federal de Electricidad) and 3.3% renewable other than hydro. The general trend in thermal generation is a decline in petroleum-based fuels and a growth in natural gas and coal. Since Mexico is a net importer of natural gas, higher levels of natural gas consumption (i.e. for power generation) will likely depend upon higher imports from either the United States or via liquefied natural gas(LNG).
Gross generation was 234 TWh that same year (not including cogeneration and autogeneration), with 79.2% coming from conventional thermal sources, 16.6% from hydroelectricity, 4.2% from nuclear power and 3% from geothermal sources.
The expansion program contemplated by SENER for the period 2008-2017 includes the addition of 14,794 MW by the public service: 14,033 MW by CFE and 761 MW by LFC (Luz y Fuerza del Centro). Self –supply and cogeneration will add another 2,490 MW in new capacity. Total public installed capacity in 2017 is estimated at 61,074 MW, 40% and 21% of which would be combined-cycles and hydroelectric plants respectively. However, the deactivation of LFC on October 10, 2009, is likely to change this figure.
In 2009, 4,000 MW were already compromised (i.e. with secured financing). The table below summarizes the projects that are currently (September 2009) under construction:
|ENERGY SOURCE||LOCATION||TECHNOLOGY||TOTAL EXPECTED CAPACITY (MW)||2007||2009||2010||2012|
|External Energy Producers||450||450|
|CCC Norte||Durango||Combined Cycle||450||450|
|Financed Public Works||1,789||388||651||750|
|CC San Lorenzo Conversion from GT to CC||Puebla||Combined Cycle||116||116|
|CCC Baja California||Baja California||Combined Cycle||272||272|
|CH La Yesca||Nayarit||Hydroelectric||750||750|
|Budget Implementation (LFC)||160||160|
|Distributed generation||D.F. and Mexico State||Gas turbines||160||160|
Source: SENER Statistics
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