Einsatzgruppen

Einsatzgruppen (German: "task forces";, "deployment groups" singular Einsatzgruppe; official full name Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD) were SS paramilitary death squads that were responsible for mass killings, typically by shooting. The units targeted Jews in particular, but also significant numbers of other population groups and political categories; including Gypsies, and Soviet political commissars. The Einsatzgruppen operated throughout the territory occupied by the German armed forces following the German invasions of Poland, in September 1939, and later, of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. The Einsatzgruppen carried out operations ranging from the murder of a few people to operations which lasted over two or more days, such as the massacres at Babi Yar (33,771 killed in two days) and Rumbula (25,000 killed in two days). The Einsatzgruppen were responsible for the murders of over 1,000,000 people, and they were the first Nazi organizations to commence mass killing of Jews as an organized policy.

Read more about Einsatzgruppen:  Background, Personnel, History, Final Solution, Method of Killing, The Jäger Report, Plans For The Middle East, Disestablishment and Post-war, Organization (1941)

Other articles related to "einsatzgruppen":

SS Officers - SS Units and Branches - Death Squads
... The Einsatzgruppen were special units of the SS that were formed on an "as-needed" basis under the authority of the Sicherheitspolizei and later the RSHA, whose ... The first Einsatzgruppen were created in 1938 for use during the Anschluss of Austria and again in 1939 for the annexation of Czechoslovakia ... The original purpose of the Einsatzgruppen was to "enter occupied areas, seize vital records, and neutralize potential threats" ...
Franz Six - Einsatzgruppen
... After the Battle of Britain, Hitler gave up on his attempts to invade Great Britain and thus Six's plans came to nothing ... On 20 June 1941, Six was assigned as chief of Vorkommando Moscow a unit of Einsatzgruppe B in the Soviet Union ...
August Becker - Carrying Out Action T4 - The Einsatzgruppen
... December 1941 the inspection of the gas vans with the Einsatzgruppen, a Nazi bureaucratic term which technically meant "Special Task Group." In fact, the Einsatzgruppen were Nazi ...
Einsatzgruppen - Organization (1941)
... The Einsatzgruppen were deployed as follows Einsatzgruppe A (commanded by SS-Brigadeführer Dr ... Of the four Einsatzgruppen, three were commanded by holders of doctorate degrees, of whom one (Rasch) held a double doctorate ... Franz Six Six Einsatzgruppen located in London, Manchester, Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool and either Edinburgh or Glasgow ...
Einsatzkommando
... War II, the Nazi German Einsatzkommandos were a sub-group of five Einsatzgruppen mobile killing squads (term used by Holocaust historians) – up to 3,000 men each – usually composed of ... Operation Barbarossa, the Red Army began to retreat so rapidly that the large Einsatzgruppen had to be split into dozens of smaller commandos (Einsatzkommandos), responsible for systematically killing Jews and ... were tried and hanged after the war (see Einsatzgruppen Trial) ...