Edward Carpenter

Edward Carpenter (29 August 1844 – 28 June 1929) was an English socialist poet, socialist philosopher, anthologist, and early gay activist.

A leading figure in late 19th- and early 20th-century Britain, he was instrumental in the foundation of the Fabian Society and the Labour Party. A poet and writer, he was a close friend of Walt Whitman and Rabindranath Tagore, corresponding with many famous figures such as Annie Besant, Isadora Duncan, Havelock Ellis, Roger Fry, Mahatma Gandhi, James Keir Hardie, J. K. Kinney, Jack London, George Merrill, E D Morel, William Morris, E R Pease, John Ruskin, and Olive Schreiner.

As a philosopher he is particularly known for his publication of Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure in which he proposes that civilisation is a form of disease that human societies pass through. Civilisations, he says, rarely last more than a thousand years before collapsing, and no society has ever passed through civilisation successfully. His 'cure' is a closer association with the land and greater development of our inner nature. Although derived from his experience of Hindu mysticism, and referred to as 'mystical socialism', his thoughts parallel those of several writers in the field of psychology and sociology at the start of the twentieth century, such as Boris Sidis, Sigmund Freud and Wilfred Trotter who all recognised that society puts ever increasing pressure on the individual that can result in mental and physical illnesses such as neurosis and the particular nervousness which was then described as neurasthenia.

An early advocate of sexual freedoms, he had a profound influence on both D. H. Lawrence and Aurobindo, and inspired E. M. Forster's novel Maurice.

Read more about Edward Carpenter:  Early Life, Moving To The North of England, Life With George Merrill, Political Writing, Later Political Activism, Merrill's Death and Carpenter's Last Years, Influence, Works

Other articles related to "edward carpenter, carpenter":

Sheila Rowbotham - Recent Professional Life
... The same year she published the first ever biography of Edward Carpenter, titled Edward Carpenter A Life of Liberty and Love and did continue to teach ... Rowbotham's 2009 biography of Edward Carpenter was shortlisted for the James Tait Black Memorial Prize ...
John William Lloyd
... His life changed when in that year, reading Edward Carpenter while riding on a train to N.Y ... anarchism, free love, Whitman ("Our American Shakespeare, and greater than he") and Edward Carpenter ("The greatest man of modern England") ... 'The Natural Man,' Being an Account of the Tribes of Him." In "Edward Carpenter In Appreciation," edited by Gilbert Beith (Allen Unwin, 1931), Will S ...
LGBT History In The United Kingdom - 20th Century
... Sex Psychology is founded by a group of theorists and activists, with Edward Carpenter as president ... Carpenter was a proponent of the theory of the homosexual as a third sex, and lived openly with his lover, George Merrill ... Members included George Cecil Ives, Edward Carpenter, Montague Summers, Stella Browne, Laurence Housman, Havelock Ellis, George Bernard Shaw, and Ernest Jones ...

Famous quotes containing the words carpenter and/or edward:

    He came home.
    —John Carpenter (b. 1948)

    To be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars is the very bottom of hardships.
    —W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt)