Dolphin - Taxonomy

Taxonomy

  • Suborder Odontoceti, toothed whales
    • Family Delphinidae, oceanic dolphins
      • Genus Delphinus
        • Long-Beaked Common Dolphin, Delphinus capensis
        • Short-Beaked Common Dolphin, Delphinus delphis
      • Genus Tursiops
        • Common Bottlenose Dolphin, Tursiops truncatus
        • Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin, Tursiops aduncus
        • Burrunan Dolphin, Tursiops australis, a new discovered species from sea around Melbourne in September 2011.
      • Genus Lissodelphis
        • Northern Rightwhale Dolphin, Lissodelphis borealis
        • Southern Rightwhale Dolphin, Lissodelphis peronii
      • Genus Sotalia
        • Tucuxi, Sotalia fluviatilis
        • Costero, Sotalia guianensis
      • Genus Sousa
        • Indo-Pacific Hump-backed Dolphin, Sousa chinensis
          • Chinese White Dolphin (the Chinese variant), Sousa chinensis chinensis
        • Atlantic Humpbacked Dolphin, Sousa teuszii
      • Genus Stenella
        • Atlantic Spotted Dolphin, Stenella frontalis
        • Clymene Dolphin, Stenella clymene
        • Pantropical Spotted Dolphin, Stenella attenuata
        • Spinner Dolphin, Stenella longirostris
        • Striped Dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba
      • Genus Steno
        • Rough-Toothed Dolphin, Steno bredanensis
      • Genus Cephalorhynchus
        • Chilean Dolphin, Cephalorhynchus eutropia
        • Commerson's Dolphin, Cephalorhynchus commersonii
        • Heaviside's Dolphin, Cephalorhynchus heavisidii
        • Hector's Dolphin, Cephalorhynchus hectori
      • Genus Grampus
        • Risso's Dolphin, Grampus griseus
      • Genus Lagenodelphis
        • Fraser's Dolphin, Lagenodelphis hosei
      • Genus Lagenorhynchus
        • Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin, Lagenorhynchus acutus
        • Dusky Dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obscurus
        • Hourglass Dolphin, Lagenorhynchus cruciger
        • Pacific White-Sided Dolphin, Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
        • Peale's Dolphin, Lagenorhynchus australis
        • White-Beaked Dolphin, Lagenorhynchus albirostris
      • Genus Orcaella
        • Australian Snubfin Dolphin, Orcaella heinsohni
        • Irrawaddy Dolphin, Orcaella brevirostris
      • Genus Peponocephala
        • Melon-headed Whale, Peponocephala electra
      • Genus Orcinus
      • Genus Feresa
        • Pygmy Killer Whale, Feresa attenuata
      • Genus Pseudorca
        • False Killer Whale, Pseudorca crassidens
      • Genus Globicephala
        • Long-finned Pilot Whale, Globicephala melas
        • Short-finned Pilot Whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus
      • Genus †Australodelphis
        • †Australodelphis mirus
    • Family Platanistidae
      • Ganges and Indus River Dolphin, Platanista gangetica with two subspecies
        • Ganges River Dolphin (or Susu), Platanista gangetica gangetica
        • Indus River Dolphin (or Bhulan), Platanista gangetica minor
    • Family Iniidae
      • Amazon River Dolphin (or Boto), Inia geoffrensis
    • Family Lipotidae
      • Baiji (or Chinese River Dolphin), Lipotes vexillifer (possibly extinct, since December 2006)
    • Family Pontoporiidae
      • La Plata Dolphin (or Franciscana), Pontoporia blainvillei

Six species in the family Delphinidae are commonly called "whales", but genetically are dolphins. They are sometimes called blackfish.

  • Melon-headed Whale, Peponocephala electra
  • Killer whale (Orca), Orcinus orca
  • Pygmy Killer Whale, Feresa attenuata
  • False Killer Whale, Pseudorca crassidens
  • Long-finned Pilot Whale, Globicephala melas
  • Short-finned Pilot Whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus

Read more about this topic:  Dolphin

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