Manuals to educate the public, teachers and parents summarize, "Cyberbullying is being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using a cell phone or the internet." Research, legislation and education in the field are ongoing. Basic definitions and guidelines to help recognize and cope with what is regarded as abuse of electronic communications have been identified.
- Cyberbullying involves repeated behavior with intent to harm and repeated nature
- Cyberbullying is perpetrated through Harassment, Cyberstalking, Denigration (sending or posting cruel rumors and falsehoods to damage reputation and friendships), Impersonation, Exclusion (intentionally and cruelly excluding someone from an online group)
Cyberbullying can be as simple as continuing to send e-mails or text messages harassing someone who has said they want no further contact with the sender. It may also include public actions such as repeated threats, sexual remarks, pejorative labels (i.e., hate speech) or defamatory false accusations), ganging up on a victim by making the person the subject of ridicule in online forums, hacking into or vandalizing sites about a person, and posting false statements as fact aimed a discrediting or humiliating a targeted person. Cyberbullying could be limited to posting rumors about a person on the internet with the intention of bringing about hatred in others' minds or convincing others to dislike or participate in online denigration of a target. It may go to the extent of personally identifying victims of crime and publishing materials severely defaming or humiliating them.
Cyberbullies may disclose victims' personal data (e.g. real name, home address, or workplace/schools) at websites or forums or may use impersonation, creating fake accounts, comments or sites posing as their target for the purpose of publishing material in their name that defames, discredits or ridicules them. This can leave the cyberbully anonymous which can make it difficult for the offender to be caught or punished for their behavior. Though, not all cyberbullies use anonymity. Text or instant messages and emails between friends can also be cyberbullying if what is said or displayed is hurtful to the participants.
Some cyberbullies may also send threatening and harassing emails, instant messages or texts to the victims. Others post rumors or gossip and instigate others to dislike and gang up on the target.
Other articles related to "methods, method, methods used":
... Fly fishing for trout is a very popular sport, which can be done using any of the various methods and any of the general types of flies ...
... Its focus is not only on methods of promoting economic growth and structural change but also on improving the potential for the mass of the population, for ... Development economics involves the creation of theories and methods that aid in the determination of policies and practices and can be implemented at either the ... market incentives or using mathematical methods like inter-temporal optimization for project analysis, or it may involve a mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods ...
... A method based on proximity matrices is one where the data is presented to the algorithm in the form of a similarity matrix or a distance matrix ... These methods all fall under the broader class of metric multidimensional scaling ... is not in fact a mapping) are examples of metric multidimensional scaling methods ...
... Therefore, boiling is an insufficient method to achieve sterilisation ... A more effective method is Tyndallisation, which uses three successive steam treatments to achieve sterilisation over the course of three days ... A more commonly used method when extended heat is not a concern is to use an autoclave or pressure cooker ...
Famous quotes containing the word methods:
“The philosopher is in advance of his age even in the outward form of his life. He is not fed, sheltered, clothed, warmed, like his contemporaries. How can a man be a philosopher and not maintain his vital heat by better methods than other men?”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“If men got pregnant, there would be safe, reliable methods of birth control. Theyd be inexpensive, too.”
—Anna Quindlen (b. 1952)