Culture Industry

The term culture industry was coined by the critical theorists Theodor Adorno (1903–1969) and Max Horkheimer (1895–1973), and was presented as critical vocabulary in the chapter “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception”, of the book Dialectic of Enlightenment (1944), wherein they proposed that popular culture is akin to a factory producing standardized cultural goods — films, radio programmes, magazines, etc. — that are used to manipulate mass society into passivity. Consumption of the easy pleasures of popular culture, made available by the mass communications media, renders people docile and content, no matter how difficult their economic circumstances. The inherent danger of the culture industry is the cultivation of false psychological needs that can only be met and satisfied by the products of capitalism; thus Adorno and Horkheimer especially perceived mass-produced culture as dangerous to the more technically and intellectually difficult high arts. In contrast, true psychological needs are freedom, creativity, and genuine happiness, which refer to an earlier demarcation of human needs, established by Herbert Marcuse. (See Eros and Civilization, 1955).

Read more about Culture IndustryThe Frankfurt School, The Theory, Influences, Elements, Observations

Other articles related to "culture industry, culture, industry":

Reverse Psychology - Adorno and Horkheimer
... Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer characterized the effect of the culture industry as "psychoanalysis in reverse" ... The culture industry responded to the thesis with major advertising campaigns from Calvin Klein and others, using images featuring exceptionally toned models ... The culture industry mass-produces standardized material ...
Adorno - Theory - Music
... Adorno saw the culture industry as an arena in which critical tendencies or potentialities were eliminated ... He argued that the culture industry, which produced and circulated cultural commodities through the mass media, manipulated the population ... Popular culture was identified as a reason why people become passive the easy pleasures available through consumption of popular culture made people docile and content, no ...
Culture Industry - Observations
... Critics of the theory say that the products of mass culture would not be popular if people did not enjoy them, and that culture is self-determining in its ... to overthrow the ruling class, but Adorno and Horkheimer postulated that the culture industry has undermined the revolutionary movement ... that the mass of the people are only objects of the culture industry is linked to his feeling that the time when the working class could be the tool of overthrowing capitalism ...
Mediation (Marxist Theory And Media Studies) - Mediation in Media Studies - Mass Media and The Culture Industry
... Beginning perhaps with the Frankfurt school’s theorization of the "culture industry," particularly in the work of Max Horkheimer, Theodor W ... The triumph of advertising in the culture industry is that consumers feel compelled to buy and use its products even though they see through them ... theorists such as these saw no agency whatsoever for audiences of the culture industry, claiming instead that this industry was founded on mass deception and that the average consumer was a cultural dupe ...

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