In both Ancient Greek and Modern Greek, crasis merges a small word and long word that are closely connected in meaning.
A coronis (κορωνίς korōnís "curved"; plural κορωνίδες korōnídes) marks the vowel from crasis. In ancient times this was an apostrophe placed after the vowel (i.e., τα᾿μά), but today it is written over the vowel and is identical to the smooth breathing (τἀμά). Unlike a coronis, a smooth breathing never occurs on a vowel in the middle of a word (although it occurs on doubled rho: διάῤῥοια diarrhoea).
The article undergoes crasis with various nouns and adjectives starting in a vowel:
- τὰ ἐμά → τἀμά "my (affairs)"
- τὸ ἐναντίον → τοὐναντίον "on the contrary"
- τὸ αὐτό → ταὐτό "the same"
- τὰ αὐτά → ταὐτά (plural)
καί undergoes crasis with forms of the first-person singular pronoun, producing a long ᾱ (here not written, since it occurs with a coronis):
- καὶ ἐγώ → κἀγώ "and I", "I too"
- καὶ ἐμοί → κἀμοί "and to me"
In modern monotonic orthography, the coronis is not written.
Read more about this topic: Crase
Other articles related to "greek, greeks":
... Dionysius Thrax (Ancient Greek Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ) (170 BC – 90 BC) was a Hellenistic grammarian and a pupil of Aristarchus of Samothrace ... The first extant grammar of Greek, "Art of Grammar" (Tékhnē grammatiké, Greek τέχνη γραμματική) is attributed to him but many scholars today doubt ... itself primarily with a morphological description of Greek, lacking any treatment of syntax ...
... In earlier Greek art, satyrs appear as old and ugly, but in later art, especially in works of the Attic school, this savage characteristic is softened into a more youthful and graceful aspect ... This transformation or humanization of the Satyr appears throughout late Greek art ... Greek spirits known as Calicantsars have a noticeable resemblance to the ancient satyrs they have goats' ears and the feet of donkeys or goats or horses, are ...
... Greek may also refer to Greeks (finance), the Greeks epresenting the sensitivities of derivatives (the most common of these sensitivities are often denoted by Greek letters) Fraternities ...
... Avienus, Volsinii, Etruria, writing in Latin Nonnus, Egypt, writing in Greek Quintus Smyrnaeus, writing in Greek Tryphiodorus, Egypt, writing in Greek Palladas, Alexandria, Egypt ...
Famous quotes containing the word greek:
“Civil servants and priests, soldiers and ballet-dancers, schoolmasters and police constables, Greek museums and Gothic steeples, civil list and services listthe common seed within which all these fabulous beings slumber in embryo is taxation.”
—Karl Marx (18181883)
“The student may read Homer or Æschylus in the Greek without danger of dissipation or luxuriousness, for it implies that he in some measure emulate their heroes, and consecrate morning hours to their pages.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“All that we call ideal in Greek or any other art, because to us it is false and visionary, was, to the makers of it, true and existent.”
—John Ruskin (18191900)