Confucianism

Confucianism is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (孔夫子 Kǒng Fūzǐ, or K'ung-fu-tzu, lit. "Master Kong", 551–479 BC). Confucianism originated as an "ethical-sociopolitical teaching" during the Spring and Autumn Period, but later developed metaphysical and cosmological elements in the Han Dynasty. Following the abandonment of Legalism in China after the Qin Dynasty, Confucianism became the official state ideology of China, until it was replaced by the "Three Principles of the People" ideology with the establishment of the Republic of China, and then Maoist Communism after the ROC was replaced by the People's Republic of China in Mainland China.

The core of Confucianism is humanism, the belief that human beings are teachable, improvable and perfectible through personal and communal endeavour especially including self-cultivation and self-creation. Confucianism focuses on the cultivation of virtue and maintenance of ethics, the most basic of which are ren, yi, and li. Ren is an obligation of altruism and humaneness for other individuals within a community, yi is the upholding of righteousness and the moral disposition to do good, and li is a system of norms and propriety that determines how a person should properly act within a community. Confucianism holds that one should give up one's life, if necessary, either passively or actively, for the sake of upholding the cardinal moral values of ren and yi. Although Confucius the man may have been a believer in Chinese folk religion, Confucianism as an ideology is humanistic and non-theistic, and does not involve a belief in the supernatural or in a personal god.

Cultures and countries strongly influenced by Confucianism include mainland China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan and Vietnam, as well as various territories settled predominantly by Chinese people, such as Singapore. Although Confucian ideas prevail in these areas, few people outside of academia identify themselves as Confucian, and instead see Confucian ethics as a complementary guideline for other ideologies and beliefs, including democracy, Marxism, capitalism, Christianity, Islam and Buddhism.

Read more about ConfucianismNames and Etymology, Governance, Meritocracy, Influence in 17th-century Europe, Influence On Islamic Thought, Influence in Modern Times, Criticism, Debate Over Classification

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Sangō Shiiki - Contents
... It is written in a dialectic style comparing and critiquing Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism ... In volume one, Kibō lectures on Confucianism ... In volume two, Kyobō Inji critiques Confucianism from a Taoism position ...
Confucianists
... Confucianism is an ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (孔夫子 Kǒng Fūzǐ, or K'ung-fu-tzu, lit ... Confucianism originated as an "ethical-sociopolitical teaching" during the Spring and Autumn Period, but later developed metaphysical and cosmological elements in the Han Dynasty ... Following the abandonment of Legalism in China after the Qin Dynasty, Confucianism became the official state ideology of the Han ...
Confucianism - Debate Over Classification
... Ever since Europeans first encountered Confucianism, the issue of how Confucianism should be classified has been subject to debate ... European arrivals in China, the Christian Jesuits, considered Confucianism to be an ethical system, not a religion, and one that was compatible with Christianity ... Confucianism is humanistic, and does not involve a belief in the supernatural or in a personal god ...
Confucianists - Influence in Modern Times
... figures in modern Chinese history continued to be influenced by Confucianism, like the Muslim warlord Ma Fuxiang ... The New Life Movement relied heavily on Confucianism ... there exists among political scientists and economists a theory that Confucianism plays a large latent role in the ostensibly non-Confucian cultures of modern-day East Asia ...
Liang Shuming - Liang and Religion
... He felt that Confucianism was China’s answer to religion as it provided a way to harmonize with the cosmos instead of being isolated from that which you worship ... In contrasting Confucianism with religions he came to two conclusions ... the Differences and Similarities between Confucianism and Buddhism’’ that the two were not unrelated, but while Confucianism is based on the person and talks about ...