Codex Vaticanus

The Codex Vaticanus (The Vatican, Bibl. Vat., Vat. gr. 1209; no. B or 03 Gregory-Aland, δ 1 von Soden), is one of the oldest extant manuscripts of the Greek Bible (Old and New Testament), one of the four great uncial codices. The Codex is named after its place of conservation in the Vatican Library, where it has been kept since at least the 15th century. It is written on 759 leaves of vellum in uncial letters and has been dated palaeographically to the 4th century.

The manuscript became known to Western scholars as a result of correspondence between Erasmus and the prefects of the Vatican Library. Portions of the codex were collated by several scholars, but numerous errors were made during this process. The Codex's relationship to the Latin Vulgate was unclear and scholars were initially unaware of the Codex's value. This changed in the 19th century when transcriptions of the full codex were completed. It was at that point that scholars realised the text differed significantly from the Vulgate and the Textus Receptus.

Current scholarship considers the Codex Vaticanus to be one of the best Greek texts of the New Testament, with the Codex Sinaiticus as its only competitor. Until the discovery by Tischendorf of the Sinaiticus text, the Codex was unrivaled. It was extensively used by Westcott and Hort in their edition of The New Testament in the Original Greek in 1881. The most widely sold editions of the Greek New Testament are largely based on the text of the Codex Vaticanus.

Read more about Codex VaticanusContents, Description, Provenance, Scribes and Correctors, In The Vatican Library, Importance

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Minuscule 2427 - Forgery
... Carlson had announced his findings that the codex was a forgery, and proved his case beyond a doubt at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature ... from Philipp Buttmann's 1860 Greek New Testament edition (based on Cardinal Mai's edition of Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209), this is especially obvious since the forger also followed Buttmann in 81 out of 85 places ... What made the text a forgery was that it was carefully manufactured in the style of a medieval codex, when it was in fact a very recent creation, no ...
Codex Vaticanus - Importance
... Codex Vaticanus is one of the most important manuscripts for the text of the Septuagint and Greek New Testament, it is a leading example of the Alexandrian text-type ... after Westcott and Hort were closer in the Gospels to the Codex Vaticanus text than to the Sinaiticus, with only the exception of Hermann von Soden's editions which are closer to Sinaiticus ... textual character to the text of Westcott-Hort, which means Vaticanus was the basis for the translation ...
Codex Cyprius - Text - Textual Variants
... In Matthew 2734 it reads οινον (wine) as Codex Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, Bezae, Regius, Koridethi, manuscripts of Lake's family (f1), manuscripts of Ferrar's family (f13), and 33 Alexandrinus, Washingtonianus ... an ass or an ox) for υἱὸς ἢ βοῦς (a son or an ox) the reading of the codex is supported by א, L, X, Π, Ψ, f1, f13, 33, 892, 1071, ℓ 547 In John 129 it lacks ...
Alexandrian Text-type - History of Research
... Codex Vaticanus was not on this list ... In 1796 in second edition of his Greek New Testament Griesbach added Codex Vaticanus as witness to the Alexandrian text in Mark, Luke, and John ... and it was the purification of a wild text, which was similar to the text of Codex Bezae ...