Cocoa Bean

Cacao bean (also cocoa bean, often simply cocoa and cacao; Mayan: kakaw; Nahuatl: cacahuatl . Cocoa /ˈkoʊ.koʊ/) is the dried and fully fermented fatty seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and cocoa butter are extracted. They are the basis of chocolate, as well as many Mesoamerican foods such as mole sauce and tejate.

A cocoa pod (fruit) has a rough leathery rind about 3 cm thick (this varies with the origin and variety of pod). It is filled with sweet, mucilaginous pulp (called 'baba de cacao' in South America) enclosing 30 to 50 large seeds that are fairly soft and white to a pale lavender color. While seeds are usually white, they become violet or reddish brown during the drying process. The exception is rare varieties of white cacao, in which the seeds remain white. Historically, white cacao was cultivated by the Rama people of Nicaragua.

Read more about Cocoa BeanEtymology, History, Health Benefits of Cocoa Consumption, Animal Consumption, Roundtable For A Sustainable Cocoa Economy (RSCE), Child Labor, Fairtrade, Environmental Impact, Cocoa Trading

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