Clitic

In morphology and syntax, a clitic is a morpheme that has syntactic characteristics of a word, but depends phonologically on another word or phrase. It is pronounced like an affix, but works at the phrase level. For example, the word an in the phrase:

an apple

Clitics may belong to any grammatical category, though they are commonly pronouns, determiners or adpositions. Note that orthography is not a good guide for identifying clitics: clitics may be written as independent words, bound affixes, or separated by special characters (e.g., apostrophe).

Read more about Clitic:  Classification, Properties, Other Languages

Other articles related to "clitic, clitics":

Venetian Language - Grammar - Redundant Subject Pronouns
... verbal flexion, with a compulsory "clitic subject pronoun" before the verb in many sentences, "echoing" the subject as an ending or a weak pronoun ... The clitic subject pronoun (te, el/ła, i/łe) is used with the 2nd and 3rd person singular, and with the 3rd person plural ... The Piedmontese language also has clitic subject pronouns, but the rules are somewhat different.) The function of clitics is particularly visible in long sentences, which do ...
Clitic Doubling
... In linguistics, clitic doubling, or pronominal reduplication is a phenomenon by which clitic pronouns appear in verb phrases together with the full noun phrases that they refer to (as opposed to ... Clitic doubling is found in many languages, including Albanian, Arumanian, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Degema, Greek, Persian, Romanian, Somali, and Spanish ... The conditions on clitic doubling vary from language to language, generally depending on well-known properties of the objects along the Animacy Hierarchy (allowing ...
Clitic Doubling - Degema
... Clitic doubling occurs in Degema, as it does in Romance and Slavic languages ... However, clitic doubling in Degema is not associated with the presence of a preposition as in Romance languages like Spanish nor is it associated with topicality or specificity as in Slavic languages ... Rather, what make clitic doubling in Degema possible are syntactic (movement and anaphoricity) and discourse (emphasis and/or familiarity) factors (Kari 2003) Consider (1) below In (1 ...
Clitic - Other Languages
... "He doesn't know yet if he'll come." This clitic can also mark direct questions with a falling intonation ... either") also function as clitics although written separately, they are pronounced together with the preceding word, without stress Ő is jön ... that the nominal particles do not function as clitics, but as phrasal affixes ...
Clitic Doubling - Macedonian and Bulgarian
... In the standard Macedonian language, clitic doubling is obligatory with definite direct and indirect objects, which contrasts with standard Bulgarian where clitic doubling is ... and Bulgarian have differing rules regarding clitic doubling ...