Cittern

The cittern or cither (Fr. cistre, It. cetra, Ger. Cister, Sp. cistro, cedra, cítola) is a stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance. Modern scholars debate its exact history, but it is generally accepted that it is descended from the Medieval citole, or cytole. It looks much like the modern-day flat-back mandolin and the modern Irish bouzouki. Its flat-back design was simpler and cheaper to construct than the lute. It was also easier to play, smaller, less delicate and more portable. Played by all classes, the cittern was a premier instrument of casual music making much as is the guitar today.

Read more about CitternPre-modern Citterns, Modern Citterns

Other articles related to "cittern":

Ceterone
... Ceterone was an enlarged and bass-extended cittern, the counterpart of the chitarrone as a development of the lute, which may have dated from the 1520s, but no firm evidence exists for it before the end of that ... Like the cittern, the ceterone was built with a flat-backed body in teardrop shape, with a single large 'rose', and had fixed, metal frets (unlike the tied, gut frets of the ... example exists in Museo Bardini in Florence, dating from around 1600 and built by the cittern luthier Gironimo Canpi ...
Gregory Doc Rossi
... Rossi has had a lifelong interest in the cittern, having built one at the age of 13 ... of instruments, including the diatonic Renaissance cittern, the modern Irish cittern, and especially the so-called English guitar or cetra, an 18th-century ... His publications include The Celtic Cittern and The Celtic Guitar for Centerstream/Hal Leonard The Compleat Cittern, a tutor for 18th-century cittern (with ...
Modern Citterns
... The cittern family survives into the present day in the German 'waldzither', the Corsican Cetara, Spanish Bandurria and Laúd, as well as the Portuguese guitar, the descendant of English instruments brought ... a 1930s archtop Martin guitar as models, English luthier Stefan Sobell created a "cittern," a hybrid instrument primarily used for playing folk music, which has proved to be popular with ...
Laura Risk - Discography - In Collaboration With Ken Kolodner
... the Rain (Dorian 90295) with Keith Murphy (guitar) and Joseph Sobol (guitar and cittern) Greenfire (Dorian 90265) with Robin Bullock (guitar, piano, cittern ...
Martina Rosenberger - Biography
... In 2001 she was invited to the international cittern conference held in Michaelstein ... organized three such conferences, attracting cittern specialists and amateurs from all over Europe ... personal invitation from Portuguese guitar virtuoso Pedro Caldeira Cabral to attend a cittern meeting in Dresden in 2005, when she also began the planning and organization for the 2nd German Waldzither ...