Cistercian Architecture - Construction

Construction

The building projects of the Church in the High Middle Ages showed an ambition for the colossal, with vast amounts of stone being quarried, and the same was true of the Cistercian projects. Foigny Abbey was 98 metres (322 ft) long, and Vaucelles Abbey was 132 metres (433 ft) long. Monastic buildings came to be constructed entirely of stone, right down to the most humble of buildings. In the 12th and 13th centuries, Cistercian barns consisted of a stone exterior, divided into nave and aisles either by wooden posts or by stone piers.

The Cistercians acquired a reputation in the difficult task of administering the building sites for abbeys and cathedrals. St Bernard's own brother, Achard, is known to have supervised the construction of many abbeys, such as Himmerod Abbey in the Rhineland. Others were Raoul at Saint-Jouin-de-Marnes, who later became abbot there; Geoffrey d'Aignay, sent to Fountains Abbey in 1133; and Robert, sent to Mellifont Abbey in 1142. On one occasion the Abbot of La Trinité at Vendôme loaned a monk named John to the Bishop of Le Mans, Hildebert de Lavardin, for the building of a cathedral; after the project was completed, John refused to return to his monastery.

The Cistercians "made it a point of honour to recruit the best stonecutters", and as early as 1133, St Bernard was hiring workers to help the monks erect new buildings at Clairvaux. It is from the 12th century Byland Abbey in Yorkshire that the oldest recorded example of architectural tracing is found. Tracings were architectural drawings incised and painted in stone, to a depth of 2-3 mm, showing architectural detail to scale. The first tracing in Byland illustrates a west rose window, while the second depicts the central part of that same window. Later, an illustration from the latter half of the 16th century would show monks working alongside other craftsmen in the construction of Schönau Abbey.

Read more about this topic:  Cistercian Architecture

Other articles related to "construction":

Transport - Thessaloniki Metro
... Main article Thessaloniki Metro The construction of the Thessaloniki Metropolitan Railway began in 2006 and is scheduled for completion in late 2014, where it is set to become ... Attiko Metro company is considering the construction of an overground network or a monorail ... to Kalamaria, a southeast borough of Thessaloniki, has already become part of the initial construction phase, while future expansions are considered and planned for Efkarpia to the north and Evosmos to ...
Xá Lợi Pagoda - History - Construction
... Construction began on 5 August 1956, according to the plans drawn up by the architects Trần Văn Đường and Đỗ Bá Vinh, while the directing ...
Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham - New Hospital - Planning and Construction
... part of a £1 billion urban regeneration plan for Bournbrook and Selly Oak which includes the construction of a £350 million retail development and ... The hospital was designed by BDP Architects and construction, which was undertaken by Balfour Beatty, began in June 2006 ... tower cranes supplied by Balfour Beatty Civil Construction Plant Services (BBCCPS) were used during construction ...
Valle De Los Caídos - Controversy
... by San Roman, an affiliate of the incumbent construction company Agroman ... for risking their lives working on the monument construction.. ... According to the official programme records, 2,643 workers participated directly in the construction, some of them highly skilled, as required by the complexity of the work ...

Famous quotes containing the word construction:

    The construction of life is at present in the power of facts far more than convictions.
    Walter Benjamin (1892–1940)

    Striving toward a goal puts a more pleasing construction on our advance toward death.
    Mason Cooley (b. 1927)

    There’s no art
    To find the mind’s construction in the face.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)