Calcium Carbonate - Chemistry

Chemistry

See also: Carbonate

Calcium carbonate shares the typical properties of other carbonates. Notably:

CaCO3(s) + 2 HCl(aq) → CaCl2(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l)
  • it releases carbon dioxide on heating, called a thermal decomposition reaction, (to above 840 °C in the case of CaCO3), to form calcium oxide, commonly called quicklime, with reaction enthalpy 178 kJ / mole:
CaCO3(s) → CaO(s) + CO2(g)

Calcium carbonate will react with water that is saturated with carbon dioxide to form the soluble calcium bicarbonate.

CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O → Ca(HCO3)2

This reaction is important in the erosion of carbonate rocks, forming caverns, and leads to hard water in many regions.

An unusual form for calcium carbonate is ikait with crystal water, CaCO3 - 6 H2O. Ikait is only stable below 6 centigrades.

Read more about this topic:  Calcium Carbonate

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