Block Book

Block Book

Block books, also called xylographica, are short books of up to 50 leaves, block printed in Europe in the second half of the 15th century as woodcuts with blocks carved to include both text and illustrations. The content of the books was nearly always religious, aimed at a popular audience, and a few titles were often reprinted in several editions using new woodcuts. Although many had believed that block books preceded Gutenberg's invention of movable type in the first part of the 1450s, it now is accepted that most of the surviving block books were printed in the 1460s or later, and that the earliest surviving examples may date to about 1451. They seem to have functioned as a cheap popular alternative to the printed book, which was still very expensive at this stage. Single-leaf woodcuts from the preceding decades often included passages of text with prayers, indulgences and other material; the block book was an extension of this form. Block books are very rare, some editions surviving only in fragments, and many probably not surviving at all.

Part of a series on the
History of printing
  • Woodblock printing (200)
  • Movable type (1040)
  • Printing press (1454)
  • Etching (ca. 1500)
  • Mezzotint (1642)
  • Aquatint (1768)
  • Lithography (1796)
  • Chromolithography (1837)
  • Rotary press (1843)
  • Offset printing (1875)
  • Hectograph (19th century)
  • Hot metal typesetting (1886)
  • Hot stamping typesetting (1886)
  • Mimeograph (1890)
  • Screen printing (1907)
  • Spirit duplicator (1923)
  • Dye-sublimation (1957)
  • Phototypesetting (1960s)
  • Dot matrix printer (1964)
  • Laser printing (1969)
  • Thermal printing (ca. 1972)
  • Inkjet printing (1976)
  • 3D printing (1986)
  • Digital press (1993)

Read more about Block Book:  Description, Printing Method, Dates and Locations of Printing, Texts, Collections

Other articles related to "block book, block books, block":

Block Book - Collections
... Because of their popular nature, few copies of block books survive today, many existing only in unique copies or even fragments ... Block books have received intensive scholarly study and many block books have been digitized and are available on line ... The following institutions have important collections of block-books (the number of examples includes fragments or even single leaves and is taken from ...

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