Black Hebrew Israelites (also Black Hebrews, African Hebrew Israelites, and Hebrew Israelites) are groups of people mostly of Black African ancestry situated mainly in the United States who believe they are descendants of the ancient Israelites. Black Hebrews adhere in varying degrees to the religious beliefs and practices of mainstream Judaism. They are generally not accepted as Jews by the greater Jewish community, and many Black Hebrews consider themselves—and not mainstream Jews—to be the only authentic descendants of the ancient Israelites. Many choose to self-identify as Hebrew Israelites or Black Hebrews rather than as Jews.
Dozens of Black Hebrew groups were founded during the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. In the mid-1980s, the number of Black Hebrews in the United States was between 25,000 and 40,000. In the 1990s, the Alliance of Black Jews estimated that there were 200,000 African-American Jews, this estimate was based on a 1990 survey conducted by the Council of Jewish Federations and was mostly used to ascertain the number of african-americans who practiced mainstream judaism. The exact number of Black Hebrews within that surveyed group remains unspecified.
Other articles related to "hebrew, hebrews, israelites, black hebrew israelites, black, hebrew israelite, hebrew israelites, black hebrew, israelite":
... Katamon (Arabic قطمون, Hebrew קטמון) is a neighbourhood in south-central Jerusalem, Israel ... The official Hebrew name, Gonen (Hebrew גּוֹנֵן), is only used in municipal publications ...
... The poetry of the ancient Hebrews is not distinguished from the other parts of the Old Testament by rhythm based on quantity, though in view of Greek and Roman poetry it was natural to seek such a rhythm in the ... sequence of long and short syllables in the ancient Hebrew poems but he could support this thesis only by changing the punctuation in many ways, and by ... syllables can be discovered and Sievers says "Hebrew prosody is not based on quantity as classical prosody is." ...
... Gibeon (Hebrew גבעון, Standard Hebrew Giv'on, Tiberian Hebrew Giḇʻôn) was a Canaanite city north of Jerusalem that was conquered by Joshua ... Joshua 1012 and 2 Samuel 212 describes the Gibeonites as not being Israelites, but as Amorites ...
... Elon (אֵילוֹן (Hebrew)), Alon (אַלוֹן (Hebrew)) or Ilan (אִילָן (Hebrew)) is a Jewish masculine name of Hebrew origin ... name means "tree" or "oak tree" in the Hebrew language ... holiday of Tu B'Shvat, the "new year of the trees" is referred to in Hebrew as "Rosh HaShanah La'Ilanot", where "Ilanot" is the feminine plural Hebrew word for tree ...
... In late 2008, the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) described as black supremacist what it called "the extremist fringe of the Hebrew Israelite movement" ... The SPLC also said that "most Hebrew Israelites are neither explicitly racist nor anti-Semitic and do not advocate violence" ... The Black Hebrew groups characterized as black supremacist by the SPLC include the Nation of Yahweh and the Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ ...
Famous quotes containing the words israelites, black and/or hebrew:
“The Israelites groaned under their slavery, and cried out. Out of the slavery their cry for help rose up to God.”
—Bible: Hebrew, Exodus 2:23.
“Thus Winter falls,
A heavy gloom oppressive oer the world
Through Nature shedding influence malign,
And rouses up the seeds of dark disease.
The soul of man dies in him, loathing life,
And black with more than melancholy views.”
—James Thomson (17001748)
“The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the childrens teeth are set on edge.”
—Bible: Hebrew Ezekiel, 18:2.
Proverbial reproach by God, concerning the land of Israel. The same image is used in Jeremiah 31:29.