Berlin Observatory

The Berlin Observatory (Berliner Sternwarte in German) is a series of observatories and related organizations in and around the city of Berlin in Germany, starting from the 18th century. It has its origins in 1700 when Gottfried Leibniz initiated the Societät der Wissenschaften (Brandenburgische Science Society) which would later (1744) become the Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Prussian Academy of Sciences). The Society had no observatory, but nevertheless had an astronomer, Gottfried Kirch, who observed from a private observatory in Berlin. A first small observatory was furnished in 1711, financing itself through calendrical computations.

In 1825 Johann Franz Encke was appointed director by King Frederick William III of Prussia. With the support of Alexander von Humboldt, Encke got the King to agree to the financing of a true observatory, but one condition was that the observatory be made accessible to the public two nights per week. The building was designed by the well-known architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel, and began operating in 1835. It now bears the IAU observatory code 548.

Although the original observatory was built in the outskirts of the city, over the course of time the city expanded such that after two centuries the observatory was in the middle of other settlements which made making observations very difficult and a proposal to move the observatory was made. The observatory was moved to Babelsberg in 1913 (IAU observatory code 536).

In Berlin remain the Wilhelm Foerster Sternwarte (William Foerster Observatory; IAU code 544), the Archenhold Sternwarte, Berlin-Treptow (Archenhold Observatory; IAU code 604), the Urania Sternwarte (Urania Observatory, IAU code 537), and the Bruno H. Bürgel Sternwarte (Bruno H. Bürgel Observatory).

Since 1992 it is managed by the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, although it has not been used for German astronomical observations since the 20th century.

Read more about Berlin Observatory:  Selected Directors, Selected Accomplishments, Further Reading

Other articles related to "observatory, berlin, berlin observatory":

Johann Franz Encke - Biography
... to Göttingen in 1816, he was at once appointed by Bernhardt von Lindenau as his assistant in the observatory of Seeberg near Gotha ... In 1822 he became director of the Seeberg observatory, and in 1825 was promoted to a corresponding position at Berlin, where a new observatory, built under ... Mostly on the recommendation of Bessel, Encke became director of the new observatory and secretary of the Academy of Sciences ...
Leibniz Institute For Astrophysics Potsdam - History - Origin
... of astronomy in Potsdam really began in Berlin in 1700 ... (later called the Prussian Academy of Sciences) was founded by the elector Friedrich III in Berlin ... calendar monopoly provided the funding for an observatory ...
Leibniz Institute For Astrophysics Potsdam - History - Relocation of The Berlin Observatory To Babelsberg
... At the end of the 19th century the Berlin Observatory, originally built outside the border of the town, was enclosed by blocks of flats, so scientific observations were almost impossible ... Therefore, Foerster proposed the removal of the observatory to a place outside Berlin with better observational conditions ... Karl Hermann Struve, former director of the observatory of Königsberg, as his successor to realize this project ...

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