Beginning Point of The U.S. Public Land Survey

The Beginning Point of the U.S. Public Land Survey is a monument at the border between the U.S. states of Ohio and Pennsylvania, on the north side of the Ohio River. It is near the three-way intersection of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and the northern tip of West Virginia, in both the Pittsburgh metropolitan area and the East Liverpool micropolitan area. It is significant as being the point from which the Public Land Survey System was performed, starting in 1785, which would open what was then the Northwest Territory for settlement. The survey was "the first mathematically designed system and nationally conducted cadastral survey in any modern country" and is "an object of study by public officials of foreign countries as a basis for land reform." It was conducted in the late 18th century by Geographer of the U.S. Thomas Hutchins surveying the Seven Ranges.

Built in 1881, it was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1965.

The area that is landmarked includes a part of Ohio and a part of Pennsylvania. A plaque at the site states that the true starting point was 1,112 feet further south. The commemorative site is located about 2 miles east of the center of East Liverpool on Ohio State Route 39 and Pennsylvania Route 68.

Famous quotes containing the words survey, land, beginning, point and/or public:

    When I survey the wondrous cross
    On which the Prince of Glory died,
    My richest gain I count but loss,
    And pour contempt on all my pride.
    Isaac Watts (1674–1748)

    Stretch out your hand toward heaven so that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness that can be felt.
    Bible: Hebrew, Exodus 10:21.

    In a living society every day is a day of judgment; and its recognition as such is not the end of all things but the beginning of a real civilization.
    George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950)

    I philosophize from the vantage point only of our own
    provincial conceptual scheme and scientific epoch, true; but I know no better.
    Willard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908)

    The structure was designed by an old sea captain who believed that the world would end in a flood. He built a home in the traditional shape of the Ark, inverted, with the roof forming the hull of the proposed vessel. The builder expected that the deluge would cause the house to topple and then reverse itself, floating away on its roof until it should land on some new Ararat.
    —For the State of New Jersey, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)