Auxiliary Division - Counterinsurgency


The elite ex-officer division proved to be much more effective than the Black and Tans especially in the key area of gathering intelligence. Auxiliary companies were intended as mobile striking and raiding forces, and they scored some notable successes against the IRA. On 20 November, the night before Bloody Sunday, they captured Dick McKee and Peadar Clancy, the commandant and vice-commandant of the IRA's Dublin Brigade. That same night, they caught William Pilkington, commandant of the Sligo IRA, in a separate raid. A month later, in December, they caught Ernie O'Malley completely by surprise in County Kilkenny: the IRA officer was reading in his room when a Temporary Cadet opened the door and walked in; "He was as unexpected as death," said O'Malley. In his memoirs, the commandant of the Clare IRA, Michael Brennan, describes how the Auxiliaries nearly captured him three nights in a row.

IRA commanders became concerned about the morale of their units as to many Volunteers the Auxiliaries seemed to be 'super fighters and all but invincible'. Those victories which were won over the Auxiliaries are among the most celebrated in the Irish War of Independence. On 28 November 1920, for example, a platoon of Auxiliaries was ambushed and wiped out in the Kilmichael Ambush by Tom Barry and the West Cork IRA. A little more than two months later, on 2 February 1921, another platoon of Auxiliaries was ambushed by Seán MacEoin and the Longford IRA in the Clonfin Ambush. On 19 March 1921 the 3rd Cork Brigade of the IRA defeated a large scale attempt by the British Army & Auxiliary Division to encircle and trap them at the Crossbarry Ambush. Later still, on 15 April 1921, Captain Roy L. Mackinnon DCM MM, commanding officer of H Company, ADRIC, was assassinated by the Kerry IRA.

Successes required reliable intelligence and raids often brought no result—or sometimes worse. In one case, they arrested a Castle official, Law Adviser W E Wylie, by mistake. In another, more notorious case, on 19 April 1921 they raided the Shannon Hotel in Castleconnell, County Limerick on a tip that there were suspicious characters drinking therein. The "suspicious characters" turned out to be three off-duty members of the RIC: both sides mistook the other for insurgents and opened fire; three people, an RIC man, an Auxiliary Cadet and a civilian, were killed in the shootout that followed.

Read more about this topic:  Auxiliary Division

Other articles related to "counterinsurgency":

Mc Cormick Magic Diamond
... for understanding insurgency and planning the counterinsurgency (COIN) response have been developed ... it imposes or aids insurgency is one image, and where the way that it interacts with counterinsurgency is the reflection ... In this way the counterinsurgency model can demonstrate how both the insurgent and COIN forces succeed or fail ...
David Kilcullen - Contributions To Counterinsurgency - Counterinsurgency
... In 2010 he brought together his writings in Counterinsurgency and developed his understanding of the counterinsurgency to address what he calls the globalised threat of radical Islam ... He argues that successful counterinsurgency is about out-governing the enemy and winning the adaptation battle to provide integrated measures to defeat insurgent ...
Steven Metz - Concepts
... York Times Effects based planning for counterinsurgency the idea that counterinsurgency planning should be determined by an array of psychological effects Ethical asymmetry the idea that normative differences between ... New technological revolution for counterinsurgency the idea that technology can, to some extent, substitute for labor in counterinsurgency, but not simply through the application of technology developed for ... A technological revolution for counterinsurgency (and other forms of asymmetric and irregular conflict) should be based on robotics (including micro- and nano-robotic ...
Counter-insurgency - Specific Doctrines - United States
... The United States has conducted counterinsurgency campaigns during the Philippine–American War, the Vietnam War, the post-2001 War in Afghanistan, and the Iraq War ... and Afghanistan have resulted in increased interest in counterinsurgency within the American military, exemplified by the 2006 publication of a new ...