Autism National Committee - Autism

Autism

Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. The signs can all begin before a child is three years old. Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize. How this all occurs is still unknown and not well understood. Autism is the one of the three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum, the two other being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and Pervasive Development Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, which is diagnosed when the full set of criteria for autism or Asperger syndrome are not met. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects. Examples are, environmental causes, such as heavy medtals, pesticides or childhood vaccines. The occurrence of autism is about 1-2 per 1,000 people worldwide. In the United States the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports approximately 9 per 1,000 children are diagnosed with autism. . The number of people diagnosed with autism has increased dramatically since the 1980s, but partly due to changes in diagnostic practice; the question of whether actual prevalence has increased is unresolved.

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Autism National Committee - Autism
... Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior ... Autism affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize ... Autism is the one of the three recognized disorders in the autism spectrum, the two other being Asperger syndrome, which lacks delays in cognitive development and language, and Pervasive ...
Self-model Theory Of Subjectivity - Relation To Psychopathology
... of the self model are implicated in several disorders including schizophrenia, autism, and depersonalization ... According to this theory, long-term unity is impaired in autism, similar to theory of mind deficits and weak central coherence theory ... Individuals with autism are thought to be impaired in assigning mental states to other people, an ability that probably codevelops with long-term unity of self ...
Low Arousal Approach - Evidence - Autism and Arousal
... was originally proposed as an explanatory theory for autism spectrum disorders ... Two implications of this theory are that children and adults with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) would be more reactive to sensory stimuli than the normal population, and they may be slower to habituate to stimuli ...
Linda M. Brzustowicz
... states, contributing to the understanding of genetics of schizophrenia, autism, and specific language impairment (SLI) ... Because the diagnosed cases of childhood autism have experienced an unprecedented spike in recent times, causing speculation about the debatable "autism epidemic," such research is invaluable ...
Autism - History
... Further information History of Asperger syndrome and Sociological and cultural aspects of autism A few examples of autistic symptoms and treatments ... The earliest well-documented case of autism is that of Hugh Blair of Borgue, as detailed in a 1747 court case in which his brother successfully petitioned to annul Blair's marriage to gain Blair's inheritance ... The Wild Boy of Aveyron, a feral child caught in 1798, showed several signs of autism the medical student Jean Itard treated him with a behavioral program designed ...