Authenticity (philosophy) - Theories of Authenticity - Erich Fromm

Erich Fromm

A very different definition of authenticity was proposed by Erich Fromm in the mid-1900s. He considered behavior of any kind, even that wholly in accord with societal mores, to be authentic if it results from personal understanding and approval of its drives and origins, rather than merely from conformity with the received wisdom of the society. Thus a Frommean authentic may behave consistently in a manner that accords with cultural norms, for the reason that those norms appear on consideration to be appropriate, rather than simply in the interest of conforming with current norms. Fromm thus considers authenticity to be a positive outcome of enlightened and informed motivation rather than a negative outcome of rejection of the expectations of others. He described the latter condition – the drive primarily to escape external restraints typified by the "absolute freedom" of Sartre – as "the illusion of individuality", as opposed to the genuine individuality that results from authentic living.

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Erich Fromm - Bibliography - Later Works in English
... in a Mexican village a sociopsychoanalytic study (Fromm Maccoby) (1970) ISBN 978-1-56000-876-7 The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness (1973) ISBN 978-0-8050-1604-8 To Have or to Be? (1976) ISBN 978 ...

Famous quotes by erich fromm:

    Just as love is an orientation which refers to all objects and is incompatible with the restriction to one object, so is reason a human faculty which must embrace the whole of the world with which man is confronted.
    Erich Fromm (1900–1980)

    In the nineteenth century the problem was that God is dead; in the twentieth century the problem is that man is dead.
    Erich Fromm (1900–1980)

    The two most far-reaching critical theories at the beginning of the latest phase of industrial society were those of Marx and Freud. Marx showed the moving powers and the conflicts in the social-historical process. Freud aimed at the critical uncovering of the inner conflicts. Both worked for the liberation of man, even though Marx’s concept was more comprehensive and less time-bound than Freud’s.
    Erich Fromm (1900–1980)

    Selfish persons are incapable of loving others, but they are not capable of loving themselves either.
    Erich Fromm (1900–1980)

    Immature love says: ‘I love you because I need you.’ Mature love says: ‘I need you because I love you.’
    Erich Fromm (1900–1980)