Atomic Energy Act of 1946

The Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (McMahon Act) determined how the United States federal government would control and manage the nuclear technology it had jointly developed with its wartime allies (Britain and Canada). Most significantly, the Act ruled that nuclear weapon development and nuclear power management would be under civilian, rather than military control, and it established the United States Atomic Energy Commission for this purpose. It was sponsored by Senator Brien McMahon, a Democrat from Connecticut, who chaired the United States Senate Special Committee on Atomic Energy, and whose hearings in late 1945 and early 1946 led to the fine tuning and passing of the Act.

The Senate passed the Act unanimously through voice vote. It passed the House of Representatives 265–79. It was signed by President Harry Truman on August 1, 1946 and it went into effect on January 1, 1947.

Read more about Atomic Energy Act Of 1946:  Factors in Formulating The Act, Control of Information and Allies' Reaction, Purpose of The Act, "Born Secret", NATO's Military Command Structure, Analysis

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Atomic Energy Act Of 1946 - Analysis
... Once the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 became law, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists released an analysis revealing the propositions contained within the scope of the legislation on September 1, 1946 ... propositions explain the consequences of violating this legislation and the power held by the Atomic Energy Commission ... to be capable of releasing substantial quantities of energy through nuclear chain reaction of the material, or any material artificially enriched by any of the foregoing but ...

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