Marx's theory focuses on the organisation of labour and depends on his distinction between the following:
- The means or forces of production; things such as land, natural resources, necessary for the production of material goods; and
- The relations of production; the social relationships people enter into as they acquire and use the means of production.
Together these compose the mode of production and Marx distinguished historical eras in terms of distinct modes of production (Asiatic). Marx and Engels highlighted and emphasised that the role the state played in Asiatic societies was incredibly dominant and this was accounted to either the state's monopoly of land ownership, its sheer political and military power or its control over irrigation systems. They accounted this state domination to the communal nature of landholding; this isolated the inhabitants of different villages from one another.
Read more about this topic: Asiatic Mode Of Production
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