Ashima

Ashima (Hebrew: אֲשִׁימָא, ? ?; Latin: Asima) is one of several deities protecting the individual cities of Samaria who are mentioned specifically by name in 2 Kings 17:30 in the Hebrew Bible. From the scribes' point of view the cities should not have been making cult images ("idols"), because they had agreed to worship the God of the Israelites that had once lived in the land, as described in some detail in the 2 Kings 17:30

Ashima was a West Semitic goddess of fate related to the Akkadian goddess Shimti ("fate"), who was a goddess in her own right but also a title of other goddesses such as Damkina and Ishtar. Damkina, for example, was titled banat shimti, “creator of fate”. The name Ashima could be translated as "the name, portion, or lot" depending on context. It is related to the same root as the Arabian qisma and the Turkish kismet. Obermann suggests a close association with between the concept of "name" and "fate or purpose" from the West Semitic root "šm" and cites several examples in the Ugaritic text in which the naming of a person or object determines future function which is a familiar theme in many mythologies. Driver translates "šmt" as "charge, duty, function" in his glossary of Ugaritic and links this with the Akkadian "shimtu" which he translates as "appointed lot". As a personification of fate, Ashima was cognate with the South Semitic goddess Manathu (or Manat) whose name meant "the measurer, fate, or portion" who was worshiped by the Nabataean peoples of Jordan and other early South Semitic and Arabian peoples. Both names appear in alternate verses in Ugaritic texts. (In the same way, the name of the goddess Asherah appears in alternate verses with Elath to indicate that both names refer to the same goddess). Ashim-Yahu and Ashim-Beth-El are forms of her name and a variant of her name is also attested in the Hebrew temple in Elephantine in Egypt. The divine name or epithet Ashima-Yaho (haShema YHWH) which is attested in the papyri from the Yahweh temple of Elephantine in Egypt has been connected in both theme and structure with a title of Astarte which appears in the Ugaritic texts as Astarte Name-of-Baal (e.g., KTU (“Keilalphabetische Texte aus Ugarit”) 1.16.vi.56).

Some speculate that Ashima was praised by tribes in what appears to be Asia Minor and North Africa, but more specifically by Hamath, who were later deported to Samaria in the Land of Israel. The Hebrew Bible states that the goddess should not be worshiped, but that the Samaritans nevertheless worshiped her, together with other deities, clandestinely. 2Kings 17:30

Other articles related to "ashima":

The Namesake - Plot Summary - Summary
... Ashima Ganguli is a young bride about to deliver her first child in a hospital in Massachusetts ... New to America, Ashima struggles through language and cultural barriers as well as her own fears as she delivers her first child alone ... families is to have an elder give the new baby a name, and the new parents await a letter sent by Ashima's grandmother ...
The Namesake (film) - Cast
... Tabu as Ashima Ganguli Irrfan Khan as Ashoke Ganguli Kal Penn as Gogol "Nick" Ganguli Soham Chatterjee as child Gogol Sahira Nair as Sonia Ganguli Jacinda Barrett as Maxine ...
Pacific Movement Of The Eastern World - Origins
... Takahashiin reportedly recruited Ashima Takis and his Chinese companion, Moy Liang, into the leadership of the organization ... When its president Ashima Takis moved to St ... The PMEW gained membership as a result of the personality of Ashima Takis, who pretended to have a thick Japanese accent, and his false promises of a color-blind utopia in Japan ...
Pacific Movement Of The Eastern World - Front Organization For Ashima Takis
... Ashima Takis, president of the PMEW and one of the founders of the organization, made numerous false statements during his tenure ... pay than they could get here, and could even marry Japanese women." Ashima Takis lied to his audience about the size of the organization, stating that the group ... Cornish also states that Ashima held himself out to be a faith healer to the Negro people and that many regarded themselves as cured of various ailments after Takis ...
The Namesake - Plot Summary - Summary
... As The Namesake opens, Ashima Ganguli is a young bride who is about to deliver her first child in a hospital in Massachusetts ... In the United States, Ashima struggles through language and cultural barriers as well as her own fears as she delivers her first child ... But Ashima and Ashoke are stunned to learn that they cannot leave the hospital before they give their son a legal name ...