Middle East and Central Asia
- Garshuni (or Karshuni) originated in the 7th century, when Arabic was becoming the dominant spoken language in the Fertile Crescent, but Arabic script was not yet fully developed and widely read. There is evidence that writing Arabic in Garshuni influenced the style of modern Arabic script. After this initial period, Garshuni writing has continued to the present day among some Syriac Christian communities in the Arabic-speaking regions of the Levant and Mesopotamia;
- Kazakh in Pakistan, Iran, China, and Afghanistan;
- Kurdish in Northern Iraq, and Northwest Iran. (In Turkey and Syria, the Latin script is used for Kurdish);
- Kyrgyz by its 150,000 speakers in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwestern China;
- Turkmen in Afghanistan and Iran;
- Official Persian and related regional languages
- Baluchi in Iran. An Academy for Baluchi Language Protection academy was established in 2009
- Southwestern Iranian languages as Lori dialects and Bakhtiari Language
- Official Dari (which differs to a degree from Persian) and Pashto and all regional languages including Uzbek in Afghanistan;
- Tajik also differs only to a minor degree from Persian, and while in Tajikistan the usual Tajik alphabet is an extended Cyrillic script, there is also some use of Arabic-script Persian books from Iran; in the southwestern region of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwest China Arabic script is the official one (like for Uyghur in the rest of Xinjiang);
- Uyghur changed to Latin script in 1969 and back to a simplified, fully voweled, Arabic script in 1983.
- Judeo-Arabic languages
- Judeo-Tunisian Arabic
- Karaim language
- Azerbaijani language in Iran
Read more about this topic: Arabic Script, Languages Written With The Arabic Script, Languages Currently Written With The Arabic Alphabet
Other articles related to "east, middle east and central asia, middle east, middle":
... in English in 1497, originally meant the East in general or "Mediterranean lands east of Italy" ... Most notably, "Orient" and its Latin source oriens meaning "east", is literally "rising", deriving from Latin orior "rise" ...
... One particular proposal was his insistence on new Palestinian leadership a stance that saw the appointment of the first ever Palestinian Prime Minister on April 29, 2003 ... Bush had denounced Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat for continued support of violence and militant groups ...
... The Middle East (Arabic الشرق الأوسط, alshrq alāwsṭ Armenian Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’ Azerbaijani Orta Şərq French Moyen-Orient ... be Eurocentric and used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East ... The corresponding adjective is Middle-Eastern and the derived noun is Middle-Easterner ...
Famous quotes containing the words asia, central, middle and/or east:
“Incarnate devil in a talking snake,
The central plains of Asia in his garden,
In shaping-time the circle stung awake,
In shapes of sin forked out the bearded apple....”
—Dylan Thomas (19141953)
“Et in Arcadia ego.
[I too am in Arcadia.]”
Tomb inscription, appearing in classical paintings by Guercino and Poussin, among others. The words probably mean that even the most ideal earthly lives are mortal. Arcadia, a mountainous region in the central Peloponnese, Greece, was the rustic abode of Pan, depicted in literature and art as a land of innocence and ease, and was the title of Sir Philip Sidneys pastoral romance (1590)
“We know what happens to people who stay in the middle of the road. They get run over.”
—Aneurin Bevan (18971960)
“The Indians knew that life was equated with the earth and its resources, that America was a paradise, and they could not comprehend why the intruders from the East were determined to destroy all that was Indian as well as America itself.”
—Dee Brown (b. 1908)