Annexation - International Law After 1948

International Law After 1948

The Fourth Geneva Convention (GCIV) of 1949 amplified the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 in respect to the question of the protection of civilians. GCIV also emphasised the United Nations Charter: the United Nations Charter (June 26, 1945) had prohibited war of aggression (See articles 1.1, 2.3, 2.4) and GCIV Article 47, the first paragraph in Section III: Occupied territories, restricted the effects of annexation on the rights of persons within those territories:

Protected persons who are in occupied territory shall not be deprived, in any case or in any manner whatsoever, of the benefits of the present Convention by any change introduced, as the result of the occupation of a territory, into the institutions or government of the said territory, nor by any agreement concluded between the authorities of the occupied territories and the Occupying Power, nor by any annexation by the latter of the whole or part of the occupied territory.

Article 49 prohibits mass movement of people out of or into occupied territory:

Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive. ... The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies.

Protocol I (1977): "Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts" has additional articles which cover military occupation, but many countries including the United States are not signatory to this additional protocol.

Read more about this topic:  Annexation

Other articles related to "1948":

Tammora - History - Modern History - Jeju Uprising, 1948
... On April 3, 1948, against a background of an ongoing ideological struggle for control of Korea and a variety of grievances held by islanders against the ... is believed to be the primary cause of public ignorance, hedging on denial, over the April 3, 1948 genocide on Cheju-do ... The provincial administrative building was burned to the ground in September 1948 and a new building was completed in 1-do, 2-dong in December, 1952 ...
Abu Al-Fadl, Ramla - History - 1948, and Aftermath
... In February 1948 it was reported that ten Arabs, one of them a woman, were murdered ("probably") by IZL gunmen, in a grove, where they apparently worked, near the village ... The villagers probably left their homes in the second week of May 1948 during Operation Barak ... during the first stage of Operation Danny, 9–12 July 1948 ...
South Korea National Football Team Results – 1940s - 1948
... Date Opponent Result Score Venue Competition Scorer(s) 6 July 1948 Hong Kong W 5-1 Hong Kong Friendly match 2 August 1948 Mexico W 5-3 London, Great Britain 1948 Olympic Football Tournament 5 August ...

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