Anarchism and Orthodox Judaism - Historical and Legendary Communities - Hasidim


Some Hasidic rebbes had proposed social structures that emphasize equality and anti-authoritarian principles. Kalonymus Kalman Shapira of Piasetzno had organized a mystical circle of Hasidim, focused on spiritual development and meditation. Rabbi Shapiro had insisted that his organization should refrain from choosing the chairman, vice chairman etc., as it was a custom in many organizations, because in a place, where holiness is revealed, there is no rulership and honors.

Another example of Hasidic anti-authoritarianism are some sectors of the Breslov community, who refuse to obey any contemporary authorities and follow only the teaching of rebbe Nachmen and his disciple, reb Nosn. The Breslov community in general is very decentralized and includes followers of diametrically opposite political opinions, such as far-right settlers of the West Bank and Neturei Karta.

Some Hasidic masters, including Simcha Bunim of Peshischa, Mordechai Yosef Leiner of Izbica and Zadok of Lublin, emphasize individual choice, freedom, spontaneity and dynamism of thought and action.

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Other articles related to "hasidim, hasid":

Chabad (Hasidic Dynasty) - Customs
... For example, they do not wear the fur hats common among other hasidim ... Almost all American Chabad Hasidim pronounce Hebrew according to the Lithuanian dialect ... However, many native Israeli Chabad Hasidim pronounce Hebrew according to the Modern Israeli Hebrew dialect ...

Hasidim/Chasidim (Hebrew: חסידים‎) is the plural of Hasid (חסיד), meaning "pious". The honorific "Hasid" was frequently used as a term of exceptional respect in the Talmudic and early medieval periods. In classic Rabbinic literature it differs from "Tzadik"-"righteous", by instead denoting one who goes beyond the legal requirements of ritual and ethical Jewish observance in daily life. The literal meaning of "Hasid" derives from Chesed-"kindness", the outward expression of love of God and other people. This spiritual devotion motivates pious conduct beyond everyday limits. The devotional nature of its description lent itself to a few Jewish movements in history being known as "Hasidim". Two of these derived from the Jewish mystical tradition, as it could tend towards piety over legalism.

As a personal honorific, both "Hasid" and "Tzadik" could be applied independently to a same individual with both different qualities. The 18th-century Vilna Gaon, for instance, while the head of Rabbinic opposition to the new Jewish mystical movement that itself became known as "Hasidism", was renowned for his righteous life. His scholarship became popularly honored with the formal title of "Genius", while amongst the Hasidic movement's leadership, despite his fierce opposition, he was respectfully referred to as "The Gaon, the Hasid from Vilna".

In the aggregate, it may refer to members of any of the following Jewish movements:

  • Hasidic Judaism, the popular following, mystical revival movement of 18th century Eastern Europe until today
  • Hasideans, pietists or "Jewish Puritans" of the Maccabean period, around the 2nd century BCE
  • Chassidei Ashkenaz, ascetic German mystical-ethical pietists of the 12th and 13th centuries
Menachem Shlomo Bornsztain - Becoming Rebbe
1965, Rabbi Menachem Shlomo was asked by the Sochatchover Hasidim to become their Rebbe ... Bornsztain was also asked by the Radomsker Hasidim who had survived the Holocaust to become their Rebbe as well ... He gave himself over completely to his Hasidim, his students, and the community at large ...
Shmuel Bornsztain (I) - World War I
... Here he acted as a guide and advisor to his own Hasidim as well as Hasidim of other dynasties and non-Hasidim seeking encouragement and support ...