The Alternative Mortgage Transaction Parity Act of 1982, also known as AMTPA, preempts state laws that restrict banks from making any mortgage except conventional fixed rate amortizing mortgages. AMTPA was contained in title VIII of the Garn–St. Germain Depository Institutions Act passed in 1982.
Mortgages allowed by the act included:
- Adjustable-rate mortgages, in which the interest rate becomes floating after a number of years.
- Balloon payment mortgages have a large payment remaining when the loan comes due.
- Interest-only mortgages only require the borrower to pay the interest on the principal balance for the first years of the loan.
The United States House of Representatives passed H.R.3915 "The Mortgage Reform and Anti-Predatory Lending Act of 2007" in November, 2007. It remains before the United States Senate. The House bill would require lenders to write mortgages that take into account the borrowers' ability to pay at the fully indexed rate.
... In 1982, Congress passed the Alternative Mortgage Transactions Parity Act (AMTPA), which allowed non-federally chartered housing creditors to write ... Among the new mortgage loan types created and gaining in popularity in the early 1980s were adjustable-rate, option adjustable-rate, balloon-payment and interest-only mortgages ... practice of banks making conventional fixed-rate, amortizing mortgages ...
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