Ajuda National Palace

The Ajuda National Palace (Portuguese: Palácio Nacional da Ajuda, ) is a neoclassical monument in the civil parish of Ajuda in the city of Lisbon, central Portugal. Built on the site of a temporary wooden building constructed to house the Royal family after the 1755 earthquake and tsunami, it was originally begun by architect Manuel Caetano de Sousa, who planned a late Baroque-Rococo building. Later, it was entrusted to José da Costa e Silva and Francisco Xavier Fabri, who planned a magnificent building in the modern neoclassical style.

Over time the project has undergone several periods when the construction was stopped or slowed due to financial constraints or political conflicts. When the Royal Family had to flee to Brazil (in 1807), following the invasion of Portugal by French troops, and the work proceeded very slowly with Fabri taking charge of the project, later followed by António Francisco Rosa. Lack of financial resources would also a result in the reduction of the projects scale. The construction of the Ajuda Palace, which began in 1796 and lasted until the 19th century, was a project plagued by various/diverse political, economic and artistic/architectonic problems. It was invaded by Napoleon's troops in 1807, and discontinued by Liberal forces who imposed a constitutional monarchy that reduced the power of the monarchy. Artistically, it was a convergence of the Baroque styles from Mafra, very connected to regal authority, with the birth of the Neoclassic style from Italy. These tastes were affected by successive interruptions, due to a lack of funds, political sanctions or disconnection between the workers and authorities who were responsible for the project. The project was various times modified, but were generally authored by Manuel Caetano de Sousa (the last Baroque architect) and, later, Costa e Silva and Fabri, both Bolognese architects whose tastes crossed the architectural spectrum, but in which Neoclassicism predominated.

When the Palace finally became a permanent residence of the Royal Family (during the reign of King Luis I and his wife, Maria Pia of Savoy), their architect, Possidónio da Silva, introduced many aesthetic changes and turned one of the lateral façades into the main façade.

Read more about Ajuda National Palace:  History, Architecture, Gallery

Other articles related to "ajuda national palace, palace, national":

Ajuda National Palace - Gallery
... Room The Grande Dispatch Room The Oak Offices The Music Room The Palace Vestibule The Throne Room The Grande Dining Room ...
Zdravljica
... changes in 1848, is a poem by the Slovene Romantic poet France Prešeren, considered the national poet of Slovenes ... On 27 September 1989, it became the national anthem of Slovenia ... a united Slovenia, which the March Revolution in 1848 elevated into a national political programme ...
German Unity Day - History of The National Holiday in Germany - Attempt To Change The Date of National Holiday
... Instead of October 3, the National Reunification should be celebrated on the first Sunday of October ... working hours would be seen as a provocation and devaluing the national holiday ... it would sometimes fall on 7 October, which happens to have been the national day of East Germany this date would thus have been seen as commemorating the division of Germany rather than the reunification ...
Orienteering - Governing Bodies - National
... These national bodies are the rule-making body for that nation ... For example the British Orienteering Federation is the national governing body for the United Kingdom ...
40th Infantry Division (United States)
... modularization the division has become a four brigade combat team division with National Guardsmen from throughout the Pacific/Western United States and Oceania ... After seeing service in World War I as a depot division, it was reorganised as the National Guard division for California, Nevada, and Utah, before seeing service in the Pacific ... The division was redesignated the National Guard unit for California alone, and it continues to serve domestically as such, mostly in homeland security operations ...

Famous quotes containing the words palace and/or national:

    Good places for aphorisms: in fortune cookies, on bumper stickers, and on banners flying over the Palace of Free Advice.
    Mason Cooley (b. 1927)

    Let us put an end to self-inflicted wounds. Let us remember that our national unity is a most priceless asset. Let us deny our adversaries the satisfaction of using Vietnam to pit Americans against Americans.
    Gerald R. Ford (b. 1913)