Ahura Mazda

Ahura Mazda (Persian: اهورا مزدا; Ahura Mazdā), (also known as Athura Mazda, Athuramazda, Aramazd, Ohrmazd, Ahuramazda, Hourmazd, Hormazd, Hurmuz, and Azzandara) is the Avestan name for a divinity of the Old Iranian religion who was proclaimed the uncreated God by Zoroaster, the founder of Zoroastrianism. Ahura Mazda is described as the highest deity of worship in Zoroastrianism, along with being the first and most frequently invoked deity in the Yasna. The word Ahura means light and Mazda means wisdom. Thus Ahura Mazda is the lord of light and wisdom. Ahura Mazda is the creator and upholder of Arta (truth). Ahura Mazda is an omniscient (though not omnipotent) god, who created a being called Angra Mainyu, the "evil spirit" who as the creator of evil will be destroyed according to the frashokereti (the destruction of evil).

Ahura Mazda first appeared in the Achaemenid period (c. 550–330 BCE) under Darius I's Behistun Inscription. Until Artaxerxes II (405-04 to 359-58 BCE), Ahura Mazda was worshiped and invoked alone. With Artaxerxes II, Ahura Mazda was invoked in a triad, with Mithra and Apam Napat. In the Achaemenid period, there are no representations of Ahura Mazda other than the custom for every emperor to have an empty chariot drawn by white horses, to invite Ahura Mazda to accompany the Persian army on battles. Images of Ahura Mazda began in the Parthian period, but were stopped and replaced with stone carved figures in the Sassanid period.

Read more about Ahura MazdaNomenclature, Characteristics, Zoroaster's Revelation, In Other Religions, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "ahura mazda, ahuras, mazda":

Ahuna Vairya - As An Invocation
19.13 notes that the invocation's efficacy derives from its primordial nature, as Ahura Mazda articulated the prayer immediately before creating the material universe ... the root and summation of the belief in Ahura Mazda, "the seed of seeds of the reckoning of the religion." (8.45.1) According to the Bundahishn ('Original Creation', finished in the 11th. 12.13-14) in articulating the formula, Ahura Mazda made his ultimate triumph evident to "the evil spirit" (Angra Mainyu), who then fell back "confounded and impotent as to the harm he caused the creatures ...
Ahuras - In Scripture - In The Gathas
... poet exhorts his followers to pay reverence to only the ahuras, and to rebuff the daevas and others who act "at Lie's command" ... the poet does not specify which of the divinities aside from Ahura Mazda he considers to be ahuras ... clear that there is only ONE divinity, namely AHURA MAZDA the immortal (Ahu), radiant (Raa)divinity that Great (Maz) entity who rules the universe and mankind strictly ...
Airyaman - In Scripture - In The Younger Avesta
... preserved in the Vendidad, not long after Ahura Mazda had created the world, Angra Mainyu unleashed innumerable sicknesses upon it ... In response, Ahura Mazda requested Manthra Spenta, Sraosha and Airyaman to find a cures for them, promising each that he would reward them and bless them with Dahma Afriti ... With Airyaman's assistance, Ahura Mazda then brought 10,000 plants to the earth, so providing Thraetaona with the means to cure the world of all ills (Vendidad 22.5) ...
Zurvanism
... Zurvan is the parent of the two opposites representing the good god Ahura Mazda and the evil Angra Mainyu ... Zurvanites considered Ahura Mazda and Spenta Mainyu one of two equal-but-separate divinities under the primacy of Zurvan ... The central Zurvanite belief made Ahura Mazda the middle god and Angra Mainyu the fallen twin brother ...
Ahura Mazda - In Popular Culture
... In the 2001 video game Severance Blade of Darkness, Ahura Mazda was the god who created the entire world in which the game takes place ... One of the inspirations for the name of the Mazda Motor Corporation is Ahura Mazda ... A statue of Ahura Mazda is built to contain the Djinn in the film Wishmaster ...