Agdam was the scene of fierce fighting during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. According to journalist Robert Parsons, Agdam was used by Azerbaijan as a base for attacks on Karabakh. However, the OSCE Minsk Group indicated that the capture of Agdam can not be justified in terms of self-defense, as the military situation was such that Agdam not a serious military threat to the Nagorno-Karabakh region. During occupation of Agdam violations of the rules of war such as hostage-taking, indiscriminate fire and the forcible displacement of civilians were committed by Armenian forces. As city fell, almost its entire population fled eastward and in the immediate aftermath of the fighting.
The city is still currently used as a buffer zone by the Armed Forces of Armenia, meaning that Ağdam remains empty and decaying, usually banned for sightseeing.
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