Addax

The addax (Addax nasomaculatus), also known as the screwhorn antelope, is an antelope of the genus Addax, that lives in the Sahara desert. It was first described by Henri Blainville, a French zoologist and anatomist, in 1816. As suggested by its alternative name, this pale antelope has long, twisted horns. It is closely related to the oryx, but differs from other antelopes by having large, square teeth like cattle, and lacking the typical facial glands.

It mainly eats grasses and leaves of any available shrubs, leguminous herbs and bushes. These animals are well-adapted to exist in their desert habitat, as they can live without water for long periods of time. Addax form herds of five to 20 members, consisting of both males and females. They are led by the oldest female. Breeding season is at its peak during winter and early spring. The addax can be easily hunted by its predators due to its slow walking pace. The natural habitat of addax are arid regions, semideserts and sandy and stony deserts.

Addax is a critically endangered species of antelope, as classified by the IUCN. Although extremely rare in its native habitat due to unregulated hunting, it is quite common in captivity. They are sometimes hunted as trophies on ranches in the United States.

Read more about Addax:  Etymology, Physical Description, Ecology, Habitat and Distribution, Threats and Conservation

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