Acklins is an island and district of the Bahamas.
It is one of a group of islands arranged along a large, shallow lagoon called the Bight of Acklins, of which the largest are Crooked Island (76 sq mi) in the north and Acklins (120 sq mi) in the southeast, and the smaller are Long Cay (once known as Fortune Island, 8 sq mi) in the northwest, and Castle Island in the south.
The islands were settled by American Loyalists in the late 1780s who set cotton plantations employing over 1,000 slaves. After the abolition of slavery in the British Empire these became uneconomical, and the replacement income from sponge diving has now dwindled as well with the rest of the natural sponge industry after the advent of synthetics. The inhabitants now live by fishing and small-scale farming.
The main town in the group is Colonel Hill on Crooked Island. Albert Town, on Long Cay, now sparsely populated, was once a prosperous little town. It was engaged in the sponge and salt industries and also served as a transfer port for stevedores seeking work on passing ships.
Although Acklins Island has relatively few historical landmarks, there are some noteworthy places. Acklins is home to numerous Lucayan Indian sites. An ancient Lucayan Indian site, thought to be one of the largest Lucayan Indian settlements in The Bahamas, sits along Pompey Bay Beach, just south of Spring Point. Ten ancient Lucayan sites have been unearthed by National Geographic Society Archeologists in Samana Cay alone, which is northeast of Spring Point in Acklins.
Plana Cays, also northeast of Spring Point, is a protected reserve for endangered great iguanas and the very rare estimated hutias (guinea pig like rodents), the only native mammal of The Bahamas.
Another land based sight of interest is the remote Castle Island Lighthouse at the southernmost point of Acklins Island.
The population of Acklins was 428, and Crooked Island 350, at the 2000 census.
It is believed that the first Post Office in the Bahamas was at Pitt's Town on Crooked Island.
Other articles related to "acklins":
... of a group of Bahamian islands defining a large, shallow lagoon called the Bight of Acklins, of which the largest are Crooked Island in the north and Acklins in the south-eas ... Island Third-Scheduled Districts Grand Cay Green Turtle Cay Hope Town Moore's Island Acklins Mangrove Cay Berry Islands Bimini Crooked Island Freeport Harbour Island ...
... Acklins and Crooked Islands was a district of the Bahamas until 1996, and as Acklins, Crooked Island and Long Cay until 1999 ... group of islands semi-encircling a large, shallow lagoon called the Bight of Acklins, of which the largest are Crooked Island in the north and Acklins in the south-east ... The population of Acklins was 428, and Crooked Island 350, at the 2000 census ...
... The Acklins Ground Iguana is endemic to three small cays in the Bahamas and is described as endangered according to the current IUCN Red List ... Natural populations of Acklins Ground Iguanas are found only on Fish Cay and North Cay in the Acklins Bight, Bahamas ...
... Keegan interprets this description to fit the Acklins/Crooked Islands group, with a ship in the west side being able to see the western shore of Acklins Island across the very ... on San Salvador, the Caicos Islands, Long Island, Little Exuma, Acklins Island, Conception Island and Samana Cay ...