Abhidharma

Abhidharma (Sanskrit) or Abhidhamma (Pāli) are ancient (3rd century BCE and later) Buddhist texts which contain detailed scholastic and scientific reworkings of doctrinal material appearing in the Buddhist Sutras, according to schematic classifications. The Abhidhamma works do not contain systematic philosophical treatises, but summaries or abstract and systematic lists.

According to the Macmillan Encyclopedia of Buddhism, Abhidhamma started as an elaboration of the teachings of the suttas, but later developed independent doctrines.

The literal translation of the term Abhidharma is unclear. Two possibilities are most commonly given:

  1. abhi - higher or special + dharma- teaching, philosophy, thus making Abhidharma the "higher teachings"
  2. abhi - about + dharma of the teaching, translating it instead as "about the teaching" or even "metateaching".

In the West, the Abhidhamma has generally been considered the core of what is referred to as "Buddhist Psychology".

Read more about AbhidharmaTheravāda Abhidhamma, Sarvāstivāda Abhidharma, Mahāyāna Yogācāra Abhidharma, East Asian and Tibetan Abhidharma

Other articles related to "abhidharma":

Abhidharma-kosa
... Theravāda Pāli Mahāyāna Hinayana Chinese Vajrayāna Tibetan Outline Buddhism portal Abhidharma-kośa (Sanskrit Tibetan chos mngon pa'i mdzod English Treasury of Abhidharma ... a commentary to his own work, called the Abhidharma-kośa-bhāsya ... (upholder of the sutras) rather than as an upholder of the Abhidharma ...
East Asian and Tibetan Abhidharma
... such as the Tibetan, Chinese and Japanese, the two main Abhidharma commentaries are Abhidharma-samuccaya (Compendium of Higher Knowledge) - an early Yogacara ...
Mahavibhasa - The Vibhāṣa Compendia
... commenting on the Jñānaprasthāna, but also commenting on other Abhidharma texts too ... are compendiums on the Jñānaprasthāna, and its six legs the Abhidharma Mahāvibhāṣā Śāstra (T1545), the Abhidharma Vibhāṣā Śāstra (T1546) and the Vibhāṣā Śāstra ...
Dharmaskandha
... Dharmaskandha or Dharma-skandha-sastra is one of the seven Sarvastivada Abhidharma Buddhist scriptures ... is from a period before then split between the Sanskrit and Pāli Abhidharma traditions, based on its correlation with the Pāli Vibhanga ... Yin Shun also cites three points for considering this text to be sourced in a pre-sectarian Abhidharma ...
Mahavibhasa - Abhidharma Mahāvibhāṣā Śāstra, By Katyāyāniputra
... Of these three, the Abhidharma Mahāvibhāṣa Śāstra is considered prominent ... which is larger than the previous Abhidharma texts combined, and a third of the total Abhidharma literature! The Vibhāṣa Śāstra is an older translation, translated by Buddhavarman and Daotai T28, No ...