1945 in Canada - Events


  • January 8 - Brantford, Ontario becomes the first Canadian community to fluoridate its water supply.
  • 1944-1945: World War II: Japan's Special Balloon Regiment drops 9,000 balloon bombs over the Pacific Northwest, intended to cause panic, by starting forest fires. Six casualties, a woman and her five children in the American state of Oregon, were reported. The ten metre-wide balloons contained 540 cubic metres of hydrogen and reached as far inland as Manitoba. The event was declared a failure and abandoned, after six months.
  • January 20 - World War II: The first conscripted Canadian soldiers arrive overseas
  • February 8 - World War II: The Anglo-Canadian Operation Veritable launched in the Netherlands
  • February 24 - Radio Canada International begins operation
  • February 25 - Sergeant Aubrey Cosens posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross
  • March 1 - Major Frederick Albert Tilston wins the Victoria Cross
  • March 29 - The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan is shut down
  • April 16 - World War II: HMCS Esquimalt is sunk off Halifax by a German U-boat.
  • May 8 - VE Day sees celebrations across the nation, but also the Halifax Riot.
  • June 4 - Ontario general election, 1945: George Drew's PCs win a majority
  • June 11 - Federal election: Mackenzie King's Liberals win a third consecutive majority
  • June 26 - Canada is a founding member of the United Nations
  • August 2 - The Canadian Armoured Corps becomes the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
  • August 15 - VJ Day marks the end of the Second World War. Over a million Canadians had fought in the conflict and 42,000 were killed.
  • September 5 - The defection of Soviet embassy clerk Igor Gouzenko reveals a Soviet spy ring in Canada.
  • September 8 - Angus Macdonald becomes premier of Nova Scotia for the second time, replacing Alexander MacMillan
  • September 12 - The Ford Motor employees in Windsor, Ontario go on strike.

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