The 1942 Design Light Fleet Carrier, commonly referred to as the British Light Fleet Carrier, was a light aircraft carrier design created by the Royal Navy during World War II, and used by eight naval forces between 1944 and 2001. They were designed and constructed by civilian shipyards to serve as an intermediate step between the expensive, full-size fleet aircraft carriers and the less expensive but limited-capability escort carriers.
Sixteen Light Fleet carriers were ordered, and all were laid down to the Colossus class design during 1942 and 1943. However, only eight were completed to this design; of these, four entered service before the end of the war, and none saw front line operations. Two more were fitted with maintenance and repair facilities instead of aircraft catapults and arresting gear, and entered service as aircraft maintenance carriers. The final six were modified during construction to handle larger and faster aircraft, and were redesignated the Majestic class. These six ships were still under construction at the end of the war, and work was suspended; five were eventually completed (the last commissioning in 1961), but the sixth was dismantled for spare parts and scrap.
Although not completed in time to fight in World War II, the carriers in Royal Navy service participated in the Korean War and the Suez Crisis. During the latter, two Colossus class ships performed the first ship-based helicopter assault in history. Four Colossuses and all five completed Majestics were sold to seven foreign nations: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, India, and the Netherlands. No Majestic was ever operated by the Royal Navy, and three ships served in three different naval forces during their careers. Foreign-operated Light Fleets took part in the Korean War, the First Indochina War, the Vietnam War, the 1971 Indo-Pakistani War, and the Falklands War. With the exception of the Majestic class INS Vikrant, which was preserved as a museum ship, all of the Light Fleet carriers were broken up for scrap.
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... off Foreign service and notes Fate Colossus class HMS Colossus Vickers-Armstrong 1 June 1942 30 September 16 ... December 1946 ... French Navy Arromanches (1946–1974) Scrapped in 1978 HMS. 12 December 1942 20 May 2 ... April 1946 ... Royal Canadian Navy HMCS Warrior (1946–1948) Returned to Royal Navy (1948-195?) Argentine Navy ARA Independencia (1958–1971) Scrapped in. 19 October 1957 ... Completed as maintenance carrier Scrapped in 1958 Majestic class Majestic/ HMAS Melbourne Vickers-Armstrong 15 April 28 ... February 28 ... October 30 ... May 1982 ...
Famous quotes containing the words fleet, carrier, light and/or design:
“They ... fleet the time carelessly, as they did in the golden world.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“It is the corpse of the bourgeoisie that separates us. With us, it is that class that is the carrier of the chromosome of banality.”
—Jean Baudrillard (b. 1929)
“When the light was extinguished,
She covered me warm,
And she prayed to the angels
To keep me from harm”
—Edgar Allan Poe (18091849)
“The reason American cars dont sell anymore is that they have forgotten how to design the American Dream. What does it matter if you buy a car today or six months from now, because cars are not beautiful. Thats why the American auto industry is in trouble: no design, no desire.”
—Karl Lagerfeld (b. 1938)