Šmarjeta pri Celju is the site of a mass grave associated with the Second World War. It is part of the 25 mass graves in the Celje area. The Hmezad Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Hmezad) lies about 225 m east of the intersection in the settlement, 125 m east of the bridge across the Hudinja River, where two hop fields are located. The two graves at the site contain the remains of nine German prisoners of war and 10 Russian Cossack prisoners of war, respectively.
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A mass grave is a grave containing multiple number of human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial. There is no strict definition of the minimum number of bodies required to constitute a mass grave, although the United Nations defines a mass grave as a burial site which contains three or more victims of execution.
Mass graves are an infamous variation on common burial, still occasionally practiced today under normal circumstances. Mass or communal burial was a common practice before the development of a dependable crematory chamber by an Italian named Brunetti in 1873.
In Paris, the practice of mass burial, and in particular, the condition of the infamous Cimetière des Innocents, led Louis XVI to eliminate Parisian cemeteries. The remains were removed and placed in the Paris underground forming the early Catacombs. La Cimetière des Innocents alone had 6,000,000 dead to remove. Burial commenced outside of the city limits in what is now Père Lachaise Cemetery.
Mass graves are usually created after a large number of people die or are killed, and there is a desire to bury the corpses quickly for sanitation concerns. In disasters, mass graves are used for infection and disease control.
The debate surrounding mass graves amongst epidemiologists includes whether or not, in a natural disaster, to leave corpses for individual traditional burials, or to bury corpses in mass graves: for example, if an epidemic occurs during winter, flies are less likely to infest corpses, reducing the risk of outbreaks of dysentery, diarrhea, diphtheria, or tetanus, so the use of mass graves is less important. Recent research indicates that the health risks from dead bodies in mass casualty events are very limited and that mass graves might cause more harm than good.
Although mass graves can be used during major conflicts, they are more usually seen after natural disasters such as a major famine, epidemic, or natural disaster. In such cases, there is a breakdown of the social infrastructure that would enable proper identification and disposal of individual bodies.
Mass grave mapping teams have located 125 Khmer Rouge prison facilities and corresponding gravesites to date in Cambodia while researching the Killing Fields. Many mass graves filled by communist insurgents with innocent civilian victims were discovered after the Massacre at Huế during the Vietnam War.
... Skadanščina is the site of a mass grave associated with the Second World War ... The Bukovje Cave Mass Grave (Slovene Grobišče Jama v Bukovju) is located south-southwest of the village ...
... Sušak is the site of a mass grave from the end of the Second World War ... The Hunting Lodge Mass Grave (Slovene Grobišče pri lovskem domu) lies about 600 m east of the center of Sušak and about 30 m from a hunting lodge ...
... In many states in Australia all graves are designated two or three depth (depending of the water table) for multiple burials, at the discretion of the burial rights holder, with each new ... As such all graves are dug to greater depth for the initial burial than the traditional six feet to facilitate this practice ... Mass burial is the practice of burying multiple bodies in one location ...
... Lokavec is the site of a mass grave from the period immediately after the Second World War ... The Lokavec Mass Grave (Slovene Grobišče Lokavec) is located in a field 600 m west of the settlement ...
Famous quotes containing the words grave and/or mass:
“A noble company gathered to develop a society that would create harmony, love, and usefulness. Now I sit on the grave of great hopes.... I look back to see a light that went out from itsmall, but bright and pure and true.”
—Rebecca Buffum Spring (18111911)
“The most dangerous aspect of present-day life is the dissolution of the feeling of individual responsibility. Mass solitude has done away with any difference between the internal and the external, between the intellectual and the physical.”
—Eugenio Montale (18961981)