Zubov

Zubov (Russian: Зу́бов) was a Russian noble family which rose to the highest offices of state in the 1790s, when Platon Zubov succeeded Count Orlov and Prince Potemkin as the favourite of Catherine II of Russia.

The Zubovs were an ancient family of good standing, first noticed in the service of Muscovite dukes in the 15th century. Nikolay Vasilievich Zubov (1699–1786) served in the Collegium of Economics, and his son Alexander Zubov (1727–1795) was reputed to have enriched himself serving as Vice-Governor of Vladimir. He had three daughters and four sons, of whom three—Nicholas, Platon, and Valerian—were made counts by Emperor Francis II:

  • Platon Zubov was introduced by his distant relative, Nicholas Saltykov, to the ageing Empress and soon became her lover and the most powerful man in Russia. He was the fourth (and last) Russian to bear the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Valerian Zubov, while serving under Suvorov in Poland, married a Princess Lubomirska and lost his leg in a toy battle. At the time of Catherine's death, he was leading the Russian army in Persia to avenge the Krtsanisi massacre.
  • Nicholas Zubov was made general when his family was still in power. Known as a strongman, he served in Suvorov's army, supported the Field Marshal in his intrigues against Prince Potemkin and married his only daughter. It was he who dealt a violent blow to Tsar Paul's left temple with a solid gold snuffbox on the night of his assassination.
  • Their sister, Olga Zherebtsova, was involved with Nicholas Zubov in the assassination plot and fled Russia soon afterwards.

The lines of Count Nicholas and his brother Dmitry continue up to the present. Nicholas's great grandson Valentin (1884–1969) was a leading authority on the reign of Emperor Paul and authored several books on the subject. He founded the Gatchina Palace museum and the Art History Institute in St. Petersburg before emigrating to Paris in 1925.

The Zubovs had two family vaults, one in Moscow, in the Donskoy Monastery, built in 1796-98, and another in Strelna near St. Petersburg, in the Maritime Monastery of St. Sergius, completed in 1809.

The last family living are Count and Countess Zubov and their two daughters Countess Tatjana Rainey and her children Anatole Rainey, Sasha Rainey and Xenia Rainey and Countess Irina Mendes de Leon and her children Feodora Mendes de Leon, Kyra Mendes de Leon and Carmen Mendes de Leon.

Other articles related to "zubov":

Rundāle Palace - History
... in 1795, Catherine the Great presented the palace to Count Valerian Zubov, the youngest brother of her lover, Prince Platon Zubov ... years there after the death of Valerian Zubov in 1804 ...
Frederick Heiden - Earlier Career
... He married in 1854 countess Elisabeth Zubov (1833–1894) whose mother was countess Alexandra Raimond-Modène (1807–1839) ... Her father count Nikolay Dmitrievich Zubov (1801–1871 Russian Николай Дмитриевич Зубов) was Steward of the Russian Imperial Court, himself son of princess Paraskeva Viazemskaia and general ...
Ilya Zubov - Playing Career
... Zubov's past experience was playing centre for Salavat Yulaev Ufa, Spartak Moscow, and Mytishi Khimik professional teams in the Russian Superleague (RSL) ... Zubov was acquired by the Ottawa Senators by drafting him 98th overall in the 2005 NHL Entry Draft ... Zubov publicly stated before the 2007-08 season that he would accept being sent to the Senators' AHL affiliate in Binghamton if he did not make the team in ...
Hennadiy Zubov
... Hennadiy Zubov, born 12 September 1977 in Alchevsk, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union, is a former footballer and Ukraine international ... Zubov, a short midfielder (only 162 cm), is most-known for his playing days at Shakhtar Donetsk (1994–2004), as he was one of the few reliable midfielders that helped Shakhtar ... During his career, Zubov has amassed 29 international caps representing Ukraine, while scoring 3 goals ...