Zion National Park

Zion National Park is located in the Southwestern United States, near Springdale, Utah. A prominent feature of the 229-square-mile (590 km2) park is Zion Canyon, which is 15 miles (24 km) long and up to half a mile (800 m) deep, cut through the reddish and tan-colored Navajo Sandstone by the North Fork of the Virgin River. The lowest elevation is 3,666 ft (1,117 m) at Coalpits Wash and the highest elevation is 8,726 ft (2,660 m) at Horse Ranch Mountain. Located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin, and Mojave Desert regions, the park's unique geography and variety of life zones allow for unusual plant and animal diversity. Numerous plant species as well as 289 species of birds, 75 mammals (including 19 species of bat), and 32 reptiles inhabit the park's four life zones: desert, riparian, woodland, and coniferous forest. Zion National Park includes mountains, canyons, buttes, mesas, monoliths, rivers, slot canyons, and natural arches.

Human habitation of the area started about 8,000 years ago with small family groups of Native Americans; the semi-nomadic Basketmaker Anasazi (300 CE) stem from one of these groups. In turn, the Virgin Anasazi culture (500 CE) developed as the Basketmakers settled in permanent communities. A different group, the Parowan Fremont, lived in the area as well. Both groups moved away by 1300 and were replaced by the Parrusits and several other Southern Paiute subtribes. Mormons came into the area in 1858 and settled there in the early 1860s. In 1909, U.S. President William Howard Taft named the area a National Monument to protect the canyon, under the name of Mukuntuweap National Monument. In 1918, however, the acting director of the newly created National Park Service changed the park's name to Zion. According to historian Hal Rothman, "The name change played to a prevalent bias of the time. Many believed that Spanish and Indian names would deter visitors who, if they could not pronounce the name of a place, might not bother to visit it. The new name, Zion, had greater appeal to an ethnocentric audience." The United States Congress established the monument as a National Park on November 19, 1919. The Kolob section was proclaimed a separate Zion National Monument in 1937, but was incorporated into the park in 1956.

The geology of the Zion and Kolob canyons area includes 9 formations that together represent 150 million years of mostly Mesozoic-aged sedimentation. At various periods in that time warm, shallow seas, streams, ponds and lakes, vast deserts, and dry near-shore environments covered the area. Uplift associated with the creation of the Colorado Plateaus lifted the region 10,000 feet (3,000 m) starting 13 million years ago.

Read more about Zion National ParkGeography and Climate, Human History, Geology, Biology, Activities

Other articles related to "zion national park, zion, parks, national park, national":

Utah State Route 9
... State Route 9 (SR-9) is a state highway in southern Utah, serving Zion National Park ... It starts at the western terminus at exit 16 on I-15, passing through Zion National Park, and ending at the eastern junction with US-89 ... entire length of the highway has been designated the Zion Park Scenic Byway ...
National Register Of Historic Places Listings In Washington County, Utah - Current Listings
... Works 01978-05-24May 24, 1978 North of Springdale in Zion National Park Springdale Canyon Overlook Trail 01987-02-14February 14, 1987 Across the ... Carmel Tunnel to a point directly above the Great Arch of Zion Springdale Robert D. 14, 1987 Footbridge across the highway from Utah Parks Lodge proceeding west to the Lower Emerald Pool Springdale Enterprise Meetinghouse 01993-05-14May 14 ...
Zion National Park - Activities
... Driving through the east side of Zion to U.S ... Route 89 allows access to Bryce Canyon National Park in the north or to the north rim of the Grand Canyon in the south ... Due to the narrowness of the Zion–Mount Carmel Tunnel, RVs and buses must obtain a special pass and can only drive through the tunnel during limited hours ...
Slot Canyons Around The World - United States
... Utah slot canyons are found places such as Zion National Park, Bryce Canyon National Park, and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument ... canyons of Utah include Buckskin Gulch, the longest slot canyon in the world, and The Narrows (Zion National Park) ... Several canyons accessible to the public are within Zion National Park and Death Valley National Park ...
Virgin River - Course
... Southwestern Utah, at the Navajo Reservoir in the Dixie National Forest, north of Zion National Park, and is formed by the confluence of the East Fork Virgin, that flows through Mount ...

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