Zhang Zuolin

Zhang Zuolin (simplified Chinese: 张作霖; traditional Chinese: 張作霖; pinyin: Zhāng Zuòlín; Wade–Giles: Chang Tso-lin; (1875–1928) was the warlord of Manchuria from 1916 to 1928 (see Warlord Era in China). He successfully invaded China proper in October 1924 in the Second Zhili-Fengtian War. He gained control of Peking, including China's internationally recognized government, in April 1926. The economy of Manchuria, the basis of Zhang's power, was overtaxed by his adventurism and collapsed in the winter of 1927-1928. Zhang was defeated by the Nationalist Kuomintang under Chiang Kai-shek in May 1928. He was killed by a bomb planted by a Japanese Kwantung Army officer on 4 June 1928. Although Zhang had been Japan's proxy in China, Japanese militarists were infuriated by his failure to stop the advance of the Nationalists.

Zhang was fiercely anti Republican and supported restoration of the Qing dynasty. His nicknames include the "Old Marshal" (大帥, P: Dàshuài, W: Ta-shuai), "Rain Marshal" (雨帥, P: Yǔshuài, W: Yü-shuai) and "Mukden Tiger". The American press referred to him as "Marshal Chang Tso-lin, Tuchun of Manchuria."

Read more about Zhang Zuolin:  Fortress Manchuria, Japanese and Russian Influences, Civil Reform, War in North China, Regional Development, The Beginning of The End, Manchuria's Economy Collapses

Other articles related to "zhang zuolin, zhang":

Zhang Zuolin - Manchuria's Economy Collapses
... In June 1926 Zhang had managed to capture Beijing ... In addition, Japan applied pressure on Zhang to leave Beijing and return to Manchuria, and underscored this by bringing reinforcements to Tianjin ... Zhang left Beijing on 3 June 1928 ...
Beiyang Government - Ascendancy of The Zhili Clique
... Although Zhang Zuolin's Fengtian clique played a minor role assisting the Zhili clique in the war, they were allowed to share power in Beijing ... Zhang became worried over Wu Peifu's growing military strength and anti-Japanese stance which threatened his backers in Japan ... Zhang then formed an alliance with the Duan Qirui and Sun Yatsen ...
Fengtian Clique
... for Fengtian Province (now Liaoning) and led by Zhang Zuolin ... While retreating North Zhang Zuolin's Japanese sponsors blew up his Train killing him ... After the assassination of Zhang Zuolin in 1928 by the Japanese, his son, Zhang Xueliang took over the leadership of the clique ...
Huanggutun Incident - Background
... Zhang Zuolin, being the leader of the Fengtian clique, was one of the most powerful warlords as he managed to seize control of the three northeastern provinces ... generally divided as below Fengtian Army (Zhang Zuolin) - Japan Zhili clique - European American Kuomintang - Soviet Union The Fengtian clique's support from abroad was the Empire of Japan, which had vested ... Zhang provided security for the railroad and Japanese economic interests, suppressing Manchuria’s endemic banditry problem and allowing extensive Japanese investments ...
Beijing Coup - Events
... plan but he succeeded despite a counter-bribe by Zhang Zuolin, Duan Qirui, and Sun Yat-sen to not elect him ... Japan had also supplied him with 1.5 million yen (via the warlord Zhang Zuolin) in hopes he would agree to topple the Cao government ... In the autumn of 1924, the Zhili clique went to war with Zhang Zuolin's Fengtian clique in the Second Zhili-Fengtian War ...