**Application To Finding Roots of Polynomials**

Suppose and are univariate polynomials with real coefficients, and is a real number such that . (Actually, we may allow the coefficients and to come from any integral domain.) By the zero-product property, it follows that either or . In other words, the roots of are precisely the roots of together with the roots of .

Thus, one can use factorization to find the roots of a polynomial. For example, the polynomial factorizes as ; hence, its roots are precisely 3, 1, and -2.

In general, suppose is an integral domain and is a monic univariate polynomial of degree with coefficients in . Suppose also that has distinct roots . It follows (but we do not prove here) that factorizes as . By the zero-product property, it follows that are the *only* roots of : any root of must be a root of for some . In particular, has at most distinct roots.

If however is not an integral domain, then the conclusion need not hold. For example, the cubic polynomial has six roots in (though it has only three roots in ).

Read more about this topic: Zero-product Property

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