Young Marx

Young Marx

Some theorists consider Karl Marx's thought to be divided into a "young" period and a "mature" one. There is disagreement to when Marx's thought began to mature, and the problem of the idea of a "Young Marx" is the problem of tracking the development of Marx's works and of its possible unity. The problem thus centres on Marx's transition from philosophy to economics, which has been considered by orthodox Marxism as a progressive change towards scientific socialism. This positivist reading has however been challenged by Marxist theorists, like members of the New Left. They pointed out the humanist side in Marx's work, and how he in his early writings focused on liberation from wage-slavery and freedom from alienation, that they claimed was a forgotten element of Marx's writings and central to understanding his later work.

Étienne Balibar claims that Marx's works cannot be divided into "economic works" (Das Kapital), "philosophical works" and "historical works" (The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, the 1871 Civil War in France, etc.). Marx's philosophy is inextricably linked to his critique of political economy and to his historical interventions in the workers' movement, such as the 1875 Critique of the Gotha Program: the problematic is also related to Marx's rupture with university and its teachings concerning German Idealism and his encounter with the proletariat, leading him to write, along with Engels, The Communist Manifesto a year before the Revolutions of 1848. Marxism's philosophical roots were commonly explained (for example by Lenin) as derived from three sources: English political economy; French utopian socialism, republicanism and radicalism; and German idealist philosophy. Although this "three sources" model is an oversimplification, it still has some measure of truth.

Read more about Young Marx:  The Break With German Idealism, Various Breaks, Althusser's "epistemological Break", Criticisms

Other articles related to "young marx, marx, young":

Young Marx - Criticisms
... Marxist humanists do not argue that Marx's thought never developed but criticise the dichotomy presented ‘young’ and ‘mature’ as being too rigid and not ... One piece of evidence used by Marxist humanist to highlight the importance of Marx's early works is that Marx himself in 1851 tried to have two volumes of his early writings ... François Châtelet denied the existence of a rupture in 1857 between the young Marx and a mature Marx who would have discarded his errors and assume "mastery ...
Marxist Philosophy - The Philosophy of Marx - The Rupture With German Idealism and The Young Hegelians - Criticisms of Feuerbach
... What distinguished Marx from Feuerbach was his view of Feuerbach's humanism as excessively abstract, and so no less ahistorical and idealist than what it purported to replace, namely the ... Instead, Marx aspired to give ontological priority to what he called the "real life process" of real human beings, as he and Engels said in The German ... Indeed, Marx's break with German Idealism involves a new definition of philosophy Louis Althusser, founder of "Structural Marxism" in the 1960s, would define it as "class struggle in theory" ...

Famous quotes containing the words marx and/or young:

    The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas, i.e. the class which is the ruling material force of society, is at the same time its ruling intellectual force.
    —Karl Marx (1818–1883)

    Everybody hates a prodigy, detests an old head on young shoulders.
    Desiderius Erasmus (c. 1466–1536)