Yom Kippur (Hebrew: יוֹם כִּפּוּר, or יום הכיפורים), also known as Day of Atonement, is the holiest day of the year for the Jewish people. Its central themes are atonement and repentance. Jewish people traditionally observe this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services. Yom Kippur completes the annual period known in Judaism as the High Holy Days or Yamim Nora'im ("Days of Awe").
Yom Kippur is the tenth day of the month of Tishrei and also regarded as the “Sabbath of Sabbaths”. According to Jewish tradition, God inscribes each person's fate for the coming year into a book, the Book of Life, on Rosh Hashanah, and waits until Yom Kippur to "seal" the verdict. During the Days of Awe, a Jewish person tries to amend his or her behavior and seek forgiveness for wrongs done against God (bein adam leMakom) and against other human beings (bein adam lechavero). The evening and day of Yom Kippur are set aside for public and private petitions and confessions of guilt (Vidui). At the end of Yom Kippur, one hopes that they have been forgiven by God.
The Yom Kippur prayer service includes several unique aspects. One is the actual number of prayer services. Unlike a regular day, which has three prayer services (Ma'ariv, the evening prayer; Shacharit, the morning prayer; and Mincha, the afternoon prayer), or a Shabbat or Yom Tov, which have four prayer services (Ma'ariv; Shacharit; Mussaf, the additional prayer; and Mincha), Yom Kippur has five prayer services (Ma'ariv; Shacharit; Musaf; Mincha; and Ne'ilah, the closing prayer). The prayer services also include private and public confessions of sins (Vidui) and a unique prayer dedicated to the special Yom Kippur avodah (service) of the Kohen Gadol in the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
As one of the most culturally significant Jewish holidays, Yom Kippur is observed by many secular Jews who may not observe other holidays. Many secular Jews attend synagogue on Yom Kippur—for many secular Jews the High Holy Days are the only recurring times of the year in which they attend synagogue—causing synagogue attendance to soar.
Other articles related to "yom kippur, yom":
... The "ten days of repentance" include Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur and the days in between, during which time Jews should meditate on the subject of the holidays and ask for ... which is the Shabbat between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur ... person is pronounced on Rosh Hashanah, it is not made absolute until Yom Kippur ...
... A break-fast is the meal eaten after Jewish fast days such as Yom Kippur and Tisha B'Av ... Customs for the first food eaten after the Yom Kippur fast differ ... as rhuraieba ("ribo" among Moroccan Jews) for the meal after the Yom Kippur fast ...
... Customs for the first food eaten after the Yom Kippur fast differ ... Iranian Jews often eat a mixture of shredded apples mixed with rose water called "faloodeh seeb." Syrian and Iraqi Jews eat round sesame crackers that look like mini-bagels ...
... Usually, fasts other than Yom Kippur are postponed to the following Sunday ... No Yom Tov during the year (starting with Nisan) falls on Sunday, therefore havdalah during the Yom Tov kiddush is not recited at all during the course of the year ... Since fasts other than Yom Kippur are not observed on Shabbat, this is observed on the following Sunday ...
... According to textual scholars, the biblical regulations covering Yom Kippur are spliced together from multiple source texts, as indicated by evidence such ...
Famous quotes related to yom kippur:
“Don: Why are they closed? Theyre all closed, every one of them.
Pawnbroker: Sure they are. Its Yom Kippur.
Don: Its what?
Pawnbroker: Its Yom Kippur, a Jewish holiday.
Don: It is? So what about Kellys and Gallaghers?
Pawnbroker: Theyre closed, too. Weve got an agreement. They keep closed on Yom Kippur and we dont open on St. Patricks.”
—Billy Wilder (b. 1906)